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Delaware Becomes The Latest State To Decriminalize Marijuana

Marijuana Plant

On Friday Delaware quietly became the latest state to decriminalize marijuana:

Delaware has officially decriminalized possession by adults of small amounts of marijuana.

A decriminalization law signed in June by Gov. Jack Markell took effect early Friday morning.

The law makes possession by an adult of a “personal use” quantity of marijuana, defined as an ounce or less, a civil offense punishable by a fine of $100. Simple possession remains a criminal offense for anyone under 18. For those between the ages of 18 and 21, a first offense will result in a civil penalty, but any subsequent offense would be a misdemeanor.

As German Lopez notes at Vox, this move makes Delaware the 20th state to either decriminalize or fully legalize marijuana for personal use. On top of those twenty states, there are eight states where marijuana has been legalized for medicinal purposes while pot remains fully illegal in twenty-two states:

Marijuana Legal Status Map

Much of this, of course, is a reflection of the changing attitude of the public toward marijuana, which has changed nearly as rapidly as public attitudes toward same-sex marriage did over the course of the past decade. Most recently, for example, a Gallup poll showed that public support for legalization stood at 58% of Americans in October, a number which has been encouraging to legalization advocates across the country. The movement did suffer a setback in Ohio in November when a referendum that would have legalized marijuana in the Buckeye State failed, but that effort was controversial even among legalization supporters because of the monopoly it granted to a small group of growers and other issues and most advocates agreed that the loss was merely a small setback that is unlikely to impact the way forward. As it stands, there are efforts to get legalization referendums on the ballot for the General Election in 2016 in several states, including  California, where Lt. Governor Gavin Newsom has predicted such a measure would pass this time after a similar attempt failed in 2012. There are also ongoing ballot measure drives going on in , Missouri, Maine, Massachusetts, Hawaii, and Nevada. Whether ballot measures get on the ballot in all these states is, as yet, unclear, and there may be action in other states, but the overall direction of the legalization movement seems clear, the only question is how long it will take before marijuana is either legal or at least decriminalized in most of the country. After that point is reached, nationwide legalization seems inevitable. In addition to the United States, the newly elected Liberal Party government in Canada is committed to legalizing marijuana in America’s closest neighbor, and there’s even a nascent move toward legalization in Mexico.

Slowly but surely, sanity seems to be prevailing in at least one part of the War On Drugs.

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About Doug Mataconis
Doug holds a B.A. in Political Science from Rutgers University and J.D. from George Mason University School of Law. He joined the staff of OTB in May, 2010 and also writes at Below The Beltway. Follow Doug on Twitter | Facebook

Comments

  1. al-Ameda says:

    As expected, the map of legal/illegal correlates well with Blue and Red state politics. Some exceptions in there – Alabama, North Carolina, Nebraska.

    I think it will continue along the decriminalization path, with more legislation taking on the ‘under-the-influence’ issues. Treat it like alcohol – penalties for misuse such as DUI, but fewer people incarcerated for marijuana possession and use.

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  2. grumpy realist says:

    If I ever run for POTUS, one of the planks of my platform will be to decriminalize anything that you can grow in your back garden. Opium poppies, pot, coca leaves, whatever. As long as you simply dry it and then smoke it/chew it/bake with it, I’m fine.

    It’s the processing to get the “pure quill” that I’m against. Someone pointed out that there’s a lot of stuff that’s mildly addictive (e.g. coffee) and the reason it remains only mildly addictive is because it’s not all that processed. Coca leaves vs. cocaine, for example.

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  3. Jeremy says:

    Don’t count out Texas just yet. True, they probably won’t legalize there this year or next, but when a conservative Texas state senator starts saying the state should treat cannabis like tomatoes, that’s a really interesting sign. It might make people slowly come around to it. [ http://www.houstonchronicle.com/news/politics/texas/article/Longview-legislator-wants-to-treat-pot-like-6113257.php ]

    I know many conservatives who are in favor of ending marijuana prohibition (although far fewer interested in ending the whole War on Drugs, unfortunately.) Just don’t turn this into yet another partisan issue, there are loads of opinions on both sides.

    I’m betting it will be legal in half the states by the end of 2020. I feel like this is going to be one of those social changes — like gay marriage — that will start slow but will accelerate like a SpaceX rocket. (Unless absolutely zero or just one state votes to legalize next year; if that happened, I’ll have to dramatically shift my timeline.) Fortunately for myself, I was raised Methodist, and while I’m no longer of that church, I have held on to their “gambling is sinful” principle, so I have no need to actually put down any money and lose big.

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  4. Jeremy says:

    @grumpy realist: Reminds me of a conservative I met at an SSDP function. He said he was totally fine with the “natural drugs”, it was the artificial and synthetic stuff he wanted to keep banned. Which I guess is a good incremental step.

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