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Iran Says It Will Begin Dismantling Some Nuclear Materials

Iran Nukes

Iran has promised to roll back parts of its nuclear program in exchange for sanctions relief.

CNN (“Iran to start eliminating uranium stockpile January 20, White House says“):

Save the date: Iran has pledged to start eliminating some of its uranium stockpile on January 20, the White House said Sunday.

That gives an official start date for the six-month interim deal with Iran, which was first announced in November.

“As of that day, for the first time in almost a decade, Iran’s nuclear program will not be able to advance, and parts of it will be rolled back, while we start negotiating a comprehensive agreement to address the international community’s concerns about Iran’s program,” U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said in a statement Sunday.

As part of the agreement, Iran has agreed to start eliminating its stockpile of higher levels of enriched uranium, to dismantle some infrastructure that makes higher-level uranium enrichment possible, and not to start up additional centrifuges.

In exchange, some sanctions against Iran will be eased as part of “modest relief,” the White House said.

“The $4.2 billion in restricted Iranian assets that Iran will gain access to as part of the agreement will be released in regular installments throughout the six months,” Kerry said. “The final installment will not be available to Iran until the very last day.”

But there’s a bipartisan push in Congress to tighten, rather than ease, sanctions on Iran. U.S. President Barack Obama made it clear Sunday that he was pushing back.

“Imposing additional sanctions now will only risk derailing our efforts to resolve this issue peacefully, and I will veto any legislation enacting new sanctions during the negotiation,” Obama said in a written statement.

Now, it should go without saying, Iran’s pledging to do something and their doing it are not the same thing. Indeed, even Kerry, the architect of the deal, is highly wary and rightly so.

Caveats notwithstanding, however, this has to be viewed as a major diplomatic coup for Kerry and the Obama administration. Few of us thought Iran would voluntarily roll back its program. In my own case, it wasn’t a function of simply distrusting a ruthless regime that has from its outset viewed the United States as evil. Rather, it’s very much in the interest of both the Iranian state and the mullahs to acquire nuclear weapons to bolster their security and prestige and there didn’t appear to be anything the United States or the international community could offer by way of a carrot that would be more valuable. Sanctions relief, while obviously of great value to the people of Iran, certainly didn’t seem to be that highly prized by the regime.

It’s still not obvious from my vantage point why, assuming the regime follows through, this gambit succeeded. But getting this far certainly counts as a win for the United States and the international community.

 

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About James Joyner
James Joyner is the publisher of Outside the Beltway, an associate professor of security studies at the Marine Corps Command and Staff College, and a nonresident senior fellow at the Atlantic Council. He's a former Army officer and Desert Storm vet. He has a PhD in political science from The University of Alabama. Views expressed here are his own. Follow James on Twitter.

Comments

  1. Woody says:

    As noted, saying and doing are two different things, but it does look promising. It’s not sexy television, but diplomacy can work, and while it might not pan out, it’s surely cheaper in terms of treasure and lives.

    The Ledeensters ought to be interesting for the next few days, though, eh?

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 4 Thumb down 0

  2. michael reynolds says:

    Guessing, I would say:

    1) Pakistan has been threatening to make Saudi Arabia nuclear-capable. The Mullahs know the Saudi government could be destabilized at some point, potentially leaving a country that fosters extremism in the hands of extremists.

    2) Connected to the above, Iran would be better off getting along with Washington than not. We have interests in common with Iran, particularly the rise of Salafist extremism, ie Al Qaeda etc….

    3) From the Iranian point of view the alternative may be a Netanyahu attack which either leaves Iran humiliated or embroiled in a war.

    4) We made the effort.

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 6 Thumb down 0

  3. steve says:

    Their neighbors w/o nukes got invaded by the US. Pakistan, home for some of the terrorists who attacked us, is spared. They have nukes. Seems like a pretty clear lesson. We have provided Iran with a lot of incentives for wanting nukes.

    I can only assume the last election convinced the regime, meaning the religious powers, that to maintain power they need the sanctions loosened. They can join the ranks of countries who can quickly convert to making nukes and have some prosperity. Tightened sanctions mean no reason to stop working towards production, and if they perceive increased threat, acceleration.

    Steve

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 1

  4. Tyrell says:

    As part of any agreement, Iran should also agree to reduce its fleet of nuclear armed flying carpets.

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 4

  5. JohnMcC says:

    To the extent that Iranian policy is reflected by the Assad government in Syria — which we are told is a fairly big extent — this is of-a-piece with the accord on chemical weapons.

    It makes the Iranians look like reasonable negotiating partners in comparison with the Saudis who persist in subsidizing the Salafist group of rebels in Syria.

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 1 Thumb down 0

  6. gVOR08 says:

    So our clueless, disengaged, weak, vacillating, lead-from-behind President has completely lucked out into

    a major diplomatic coup for Kerry and the Obama administration

    Again.

    Either he’s the luckiest SOB on the planet, or there’s something to this pragmatism thing. Think it will lead anyone to question whether bluster and threats are really the best way to proceed? Or challenge their beliefs about Obama?

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0

  7. rudderpedals says:

    Doug’s dad passed away. See stonetools

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