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Meanwhile, In North Korea, Kim Jong Un Consolidates Power

Kim Jung Un Uncle

One of the most powerful members of Kim Jong Un’s inner circle has been stripped of power:

SEOUL, South Korea — Jang Song-thaek, an uncle of the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and a man widely considered to be No. 2 in the Pyongyang government, has been dismissed from all posts of influence, the National Intelligence Service of South Korea told Parliament on Tuesday.

Mr. Jang’s downfall follows the executions of his two deputies last month at the administrative department of the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea on charges of “corruption and anti-party activities,” according to lawmakers who were briefed by intelligence officials in a hurriedly scheduled meeting at the National Assembly. The South Korean intelligence agency did not reveal how it learned of the executions, the lawmakers said.

North Korean news media have not reported on Mr. Jang’s fate or on the executions. In the past, North Korean officials reported by South Korean news media to have been purged have occasionally resurfaced. But Mr. Jang’s unusually long absence from the news in North Korea and the South Korean intelligence service’s special briefing to lawmakers were seen as clear signs that he is in trouble.

Mr. Jang, 67, has been a mentor to his nephew as well as a fixture in the North Korean power elite since the days of Mr. Kim’s father, Kim Jong-il, exercising his widespread influence from the party’s administrative department, which he led. He is the husband of Kim Kyong-hee, the beloved sister of Kim Jong-il and an aunt of the current leader.

Mr. Jang and his wife emerged as key brokers of power in the reclusive North Korean regime after Kim Jong-il suffered a stroke in 2008. They played leading roles in engineering the fast-track grooming of Kim Jong-un as designated heir, analysts said. Following Kim Jong-il’s death in late 2011, the couple then helped their nephew consolidate power through a series of purges that replaced 44 percent of top officials in the party, military and cabinet.

But Mr. Jang’s seemingly unbridled influence has also prompted outside analysts to speculate that Mr. Kim would eventually see him as a potential challenge to his authority. They said Mr. Kim had moved to weaken the broad network Mr. Jang built while the government was going through a transition in the past two years. On Sunday, the main party daily, Rodong Sinmun, the North’s key propaganda tool, exhorted North Koreans to thoroughly establish the “monolithic leadership of Kim Jong-un” and “follow him to the end of the world.”

Jeong Cheong-rae, a lawmaker affiliated with the opposition Democratic Party in South Korea, said: “The intelligence agency gave us an unexpected briefing, saying that they had something urgent to report about a development of great import in North Korea. They said they believed that Jang Song-thaek had fallen from power.”

It remained unclear whether Mr. Jang had just lost jobs or had also been incarcerated. Mr. Jang is estranged from his ailing wife, according to reports in the South Korean media.

Mr. Jang has not been seen in the North Korean news media since Nov. 6, when he received Kanji Inoki, a former professional wrestler turned politician from Japan, in his capacity as North Korea’s top sports official. A public appearance together with Kim Jong-un, a big sign that an official is favored by Mr. Kim, was last awarded to Mr. Jang on Oct. 10, the party’s anniversary.

The number of Mr. Jang’s appearances with Mr. Kim in North Korean news media fell to 52 so far this year from 106 last year, according to the Unification Ministry of South Korea.

The sudden toppling of Mr. Jang was likely to unleash a shake-up of the power structure in Pyongyang, analysts here said.

The regime propagated the news of the executions of Mr. Jang’s two deputies, Ri Yong-ha and Jang Su-gil, to the military and other elites while stepping up ideological education aimed at increasing loyalty to Kim Jong-un, said Cho Won-jin, a lawmaker belonging to the governing Saenuri Party of South Korea who attended an intelligence briefing on Tuesday.

As noted above, the idea that the young Kim would eventually try to push his Uncle aside has been floating around ever since he succeeded to power after his father’s death, so this doesn’t come as much of a surprise. However, most North Korean analysts agreed that Kim needed his support in the begining to establish his credibility with the North Korean military and the party infrastructure, especially given the fact that he is was so young and relatively inexperienced when he came to power. Having Jang by his side arguably acted to both reassure the rest of the power structure and ensure that others would not move against him in the early days of his leadership. While reading Pyongyang is always hard, this move would seem to indicate that the third member of the Kim dynasty now feels secure enough in his own power to no longer need Jang as a backup or potential rival for power. What the rest of it means for the future is something I’m not going to speak to, except to note that it’s just another example of how unpredictable Pyongyang can be to outsiders.

It’s unclear if this move is connected in some way to the detention of 85 year-old American Merrill Newman or whatever that might be related to, although there has been some speculation that the North Koreans may be holding Newman as part of yet another attempt to force the United States and South Korea to enter into negotiations for what would effectively be a formal end to the state of war that was created when the North invaded the South in June 1950. As with everything North Korean, we’ll just have to wait and see.

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About Doug Mataconis
Doug holds a B.A. in Political Science from Rutgers University and J.D. from George Mason University School of Law. He joined the staff of OTB in May, 2010 and also writes at Below The Beltway. Follow Doug on Twitter | Facebook

Comments

  1. Ron Beasley says:

    Well, there is little doubt that this is one f#ked up country. I guess this is what happens when you have a family of genetical psychopaths in charge for years.

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  2. Ron,

    Indeed, many analysts have compared it to a medieval European nation ruled by a heredity monarchy rather than a modern nation state.

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  3. michael reynolds says:

    I have a sneaking suspicion that our North Korea analysts don’t really know much. I mean, who didn’t think Kim III would push the old general out? It’s kind of what megalomaniac Stalinist tyrants do, isn’t it?

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  4. @michael reynolds:

    I’m not sure that there are many American analysts who know much about North Korea. The best analysis seems to come from South Korea and Japan and, of course, from the handful of top political people who have defected from the North in recent decades and lived to tell the tale.

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  5. grumpy realist says:

    Remember when Kremlinologists tried to figure out what was going on by noting the positions of people in official Soviet photographs? (I seem to remember they also brushed out of official history cosmonauts who had died in the space program. Because Soviet rockets weren’t supposed to have accidents. )

    The only thing I can think of doing with North Korea is arrange so that an asteroid hits it.

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  6. dazedandconfused says:

    Stalin…Ivan the Terrible…not a heck of a lot of difference in character. A Czar in Marxist clothing.

    Devils Advocation:

    Don’t judge “The Prince” just yet. If I wanted the status quo I might not have this big a fear of the old guard. Frankly, if you were in my size 7’s, you’ld be offing them too. Why would the war vets not coup me? They fought in the mud with Kim, I’m a fat spoiled brat. My claim to power is that I squirted out of my dad’s dick, for crying out loud.

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  7. 11B40 says:

    Greetings:

    Most of my understanding of the two Koreas (the South has the prettier girls) comes from watching the Korean Broadcasting System”s KBS TV programming. It broadcasts a lot of these serial “historical” dramas and what’s going on with “Kim III” is pretty much to one of those scripts.

    Unified Korea, and it was even more so before it unified, had plenty of succession dramas of the within the family type. It also had plenty of outside the family ones too. There were al kinds of factions in those courts and all sorts of clans vying for pretty much every thing that they could get. Hell, they even had slavery of both the hereditary and earned sorts.

    So, after “Kim I” got his well earned rest, I never much believed in the “strongman” analysis. “Kims II and III” may very well both been figureheads. The former Emperor’s sneaky brother controlling the former’s son as a figurehead has been scripted many times.

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  8. Just 'nutha' ig'rant cracker says:

    @11B40: That’s actually not a bad comparison or analysis. Maybe you can become a NK expert.

    On another note, i guess that Jong eun (I can’t past over the old fashion spelling) has aged greatly in the past 18-24 months.

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