No, College Professors are Not Afraid to Teach Millennials

One more on this topic.

academic-book-glasses

Contra Ed Morrissey at The Fiscal Times (Why College Professors Are Afraid to Teach Millennials) there is not a wave of fear gripping our institutions of higher education.  Mostly Morrissey’s piece is a summary of the Edward Schlosser essay I commented upon a few days ago (a piece I found wanting in the evidence and argumentation department).

I have two thoughts on these kinds of pieces.  One is about evidence and the other about politics.

The Evidence Problem

On the evidence front let it be noted that pieces like this are founded largely on assertions, not actual evidence.  Morrissey claims, for example:

Academia has created its own Frankenstein with its speech codes, groupthink enforcement, and discouraging of dissent. This Frankenstein isn’t hungry for love – it’s hungry for power.  And academics themselves have belatedly discovered that they’re on the menu.

Sounds pretty scary out there in academia, but the problem is:  the only evidence that Morrissey provides is the Schlosser essay which provides precious little evidence itself.  Really, most of these stories are predicated on referring to one case of a professor’s opinion leading to an investigation (the Laura Kipnis* Title IX incident).  Three points need to be made about Kipnis in the context of Morrissey’s claims:  1)  It was not a case linked to the classroom, 2) Kipnis was cleared with no real consequences (save an unnecessary and no doubt stressful investigation**), and 3) this is exactly an N of 1. N=1 does not a trend make (let alone does it further either Schlosser’s nor Morrissey’s theses).

I recognize that I occupy only my own little niche of academia, although I have been in it for quite a while now.  But not only do I have my own personal experience, but I am in constant contact with colleagues from across the country teaching at a range of institutions:  public and private, elite, and non-elite, and in a variety of geographical locations.  Further, I attend one to two professional conferences a year and encounter academics from a variety of backgrounds.  Of the things that I have heard discussed, both formally and informally, the fear of millennials is not one of them (nor any variation on this theme that would come close).  I know that I am engaging in the sharing of anecdotes, which does not prove anything.  But until systematic study is put forward of this all we have are anecdotes and at the moment the anecdotal evidence of a massive trend of SJW millennials taking out professors is a lot less convincing than the evidence showing that things are more or less as they have been.

I will say this:  in deciding whether anecdotal observations are worthy of more systematic study one has to assess whether a given anecdote is an outlier or, in fact, worthy of further investigation to determine if there really is something to study.  To this point, I am not convinced that we have any reason to assume a trend—but likewise I am open to possibility to there is more going on here than I am aware.  I will say this:  this is nothing to support the title claim in Morrissey’s piece or to support Schlosser’s assertion that liberal students are scaring even the liberal professors.

And with all due respect to Ed, who I have long thought of as reasonable, he doesn’t even have personal anecdote on his side, as he is not, nor has ever been to my knowledge, a university professor.

The Politics of it all

This leads me to the politics of the situation.  I think that a lot of what is going on here is about ideology/partisan politics.  Many on the right think that higher education is dominated by leftists out to indoctrinate the youth of America.   Now, I know that the evidence is quite strong that university professors overwhelmingly vote Democratic (see here for example), although the claim that universities are indoctrination centers is, to my mind, a dubious one.  Again, as per the above, we are speaking here about personal experience, but even at my most conservative (and I was pretty conservative as an undergraduate and as a graduate student, and even early in my professorial career) I never experienced much in the way of indoctrination.  I can really only think of one incident in which a professor was overt on a controversial policy issue (it was abortion) and while I can remember professors criticizing Henry Kissinger, for example, no one tried to convert me to a particular point of view.  I can think of one professor in graduate school who had a very specific point of view, some of which was political, some linked to methodology and sub-discipline, who was more than a tad vindictive, but that was the exception not the rule.  (But I digress).

I think conservatives glom onto the Kipnis incident and the Schlosser article because it feeds their own view of the academy:  that it is dangerously liberal place and they love the idea that the chickens are coming home roost—never mind that there is no actual systematic evidence of such.  This is the basic thesis, as far as I tell, of Kirsten Powers’ new book as it relates to campus speech.  So, if, in fact, college campuses are becoming zones of anti-free speech, how awesome would it be, from the point of view of some conservatives, if the whacky liberal professors are the victims and are now scared of their students?  How delicious would be it if, in fact, as Powers’ Daily Beast column asserts is it the case that “Liberals Ruined College“?  I think this thought process has led to the embrace of Kipnis (see the National Review, for example) in a “politics makes strange bedfellows” kind of way as well as an uncritical embrace of a pseudonymous Vox essay (and outlet that conservatives like to ridicule usually—although not just conservatives).   I think that all of this is, after a fashion, an attempt to counter the argument that the GOP is anti-science.  After all, if liberals are ruining higher education by allegedly being hoisted on their own PC petards, then I suppose it could be construed as some sideways vindication of conservative critiques of academia and scientific output that they do not like.

Look:  can we find examples of over sensitivity on college campuses?  Sure we can (we are dealing here with 18-22 year-olds on balance, after all).  Can we find some truly radical professors who think it is their job to proselytize?  Of course.  But again:  do a handful of examples a trend make?  No.  Good argumentation and solid conclusions cannot be made from a handful of outliers.  (I learned that on a college campus—from professors who may have voted Democratic in fact.)

Regardless of anything else:  No, college professors are not afraid of millennials,  Indeed, we are far more interested in getting them to regularly attend class, follow the syllabus, and do the darn reading than we are about whether they are going to rise up in rebellion because we hurt their feelings.  As such, these dramatic pronouncements about the current state of student-professor relations need to stop, even if we can find examples that make us pause and wonder what is going on.

*Every time I go to type “Laura Kipnis” I want to type  “Lauren Lapkus” or when I type just “Kipnis” I have to stop myself from typing “Katniss” (which likely says thing about my media diet).

**And yes, I do think that an unnecessary investigation is still a burden on the person being investigated, so it is not nothing.  And that a opinion essay can lead to an investigation is, in and of itself, a problem.

Update:  Some light editing was done after posting to correct typos and to enhance clarity.  No claim is made, however, that all typos have been fixed or that the writing is, in fact, clear.

FILED UNDER: Academia, Education
Steven L. Taylor
About Steven L. Taylor
Steven L. Taylor is Professor of Political Science and Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at Troy University. His main areas of expertise include parties, elections, and the institutional design of democracies. His most recent book is the co-authored A Different Democracy: American Government in a 31-Country Perspective. He earned his Ph.D. from the University of Texas and his BA from the University of California, Irvine. He has been blogging since 2003 (originally at the now defunct Poliblog). Follow Steven on Twitter

Comments

  1. OzarkHillbilly says:

    Can we find some truly radical professors who think it is their job to proselytize?

    In my 2 or so years of higher education (70s-80s) I only came across one such person (Biology 101- invited a creationist and then spent the whole time ridiculing the man. Ticked me off something fierce. Just teach evolution a-hole)(and for the record, I have been an atheist since the 5th grade)The rest of the time politics never came up. With some profs you had an idea of their political leanings, but could be wrong (I was, at least a couple times) but mostly I had no idea as it had nothing to do with the subject at hand. Can’t see why that would change.

  2. Mikey says:

    I wonder if the fact many new professors are themselves Millenials has any bearing on this issue. It seems to me they’d be anything but “fearful” of people who, even if younger, are still of the same generation.

    In other words, it seems to me complaints like those stated by Morrissey and Powers are just extended, whiny ways of saying “get off my lawn!”

    On the other hand, as I commented the other day, my daughter–herself a Millenial and a new professor–had this to say:

    Our teaching evaluations don’t make or break us (we actually get to choose, within a specific range, what weight they have in our yearly evaluations). But I certainly saw this in my first semester. Being a victim of something is like the ‘in’ thing these days. If you make yourself a victim of something that isn’t particularly traumatic to you in the first place, it’s easy to ‘overcome’ and then play the strong and resilient card. No one else has to know that you were actually fine the whole time and just milking the opportunity.

  3. @Mikey: There is little doubt that student evals can be a major problem (and are a very flawed instrument). But this is not a new problem (even though I am sure it seems like one to new profs).

  4. michael reynolds says:

    There is definitely such a thing as left wing intolerance on some campuses – witness the shouting down of Ayaan Hirsi Ali. I’ve run into a bit myself when I’ve expressed opinions that displease the commissars of political correctness.

    Generally the problem is in the nexus where higher education meets a complete lack of sense of humor. There are certainly people in social media who sit around with nothing better to do than call for various comics to be fired for making a joke.

    On the other hand, people on the right tell you flat-out they hope you burn in hell. So, we got nuts, they got nuts, we never run out of nuts.

  5. @michael reynolds: Like I said, there are certainly examples of bad behavior that can be cited, but I just find this broad claims like “College Professors are Afraid to Teach Millenials” to be absurd. And there have been explains of groups of students engaging in a heckler’s veto from time to time for decades.

    Ultimately, indeed: “So, we got nuts, they got nuts, we never run out of nuts.”a

  6. Gromitt Gunn says:

    I teach full time at a community college in a conservative part of Texas. We do not have tenure or collective bargaining, and our contract terms are either one or two year, depending on length of service.

    Sounds like the type of place where faculty would be constantly second guessing themselves, if this rash of articles and blog posts were indicative of a larger trend. Yet I have never heard of any faculty members being taken to the carpet for expressing themselves, nor have I ever heard a colleague indicate that they feared such a thing.

    I fail students who earned an F. I brought down the Classroom Civility Policy hammer on a group of chuckle heads last semester who could not shut up, ever. I drop students who violate various policies, and call students out on cheating. I do not hesitate to call Enron executives “hyperintelligent sociopaths” when we cover Sarbanes Oxley and accounting fraud, and talk about how their are both positives and negatives to corporate personhood.

    I am a liberal professor without tenure ina conservative discipline at a conservatice school who needs my job in order to payy mortgage, and I am not afraid of my students.

  7. @Steven L. Taylor:

    I really don’t think you have to worry about teacher evaluations because the majority of Millennials (including this one) thinks no one reads them.

  8. @Timothy Watson:

    I really don’t think you have to worry about teacher evaluations because the majority of Millennials (including this one) thinks no one reads them.

    On that count, I can assure you that you are incorrect. They are part of every annual review (so the faculty member and the chair read them). They are a point of discussion (both positively and negatively in tenure review committees. And while what I have described is based on my personal experience, I know that it is replicated across American academia.

    There are a legion of problems to be associated with student evals (what the measure, how well they measure, response rates, etc.) but they are far from ignored.

    Now, do I personally have to worry about them? Of course, not because my students love me 😉

  9. Barry says:

    @michael reynolds: “There are certainly people in social media who sit around with nothing better to do than call for various comics to be fired for making a joke.”

    And their impact compared to G*mer G*te people is what? A hundredth?