The Housing Bubble and Government Spending

When it comes to the real-estate market, the mainstream press has focused primarily on (1) whether a bubble exists, (2) whether the bubble will soon burst, and (3) how widely such a downfall will extend. Among macroeconomists, the debate has touched on whether the Federal Reserve’s post-dotcom moves paved the way for this “side effect.”

But another relatively overlooked issue concerns fiscal policy. With rising home prices come higher property-tax collections, which enhance government coffers. Will local officials subsequently engage in aggressive spending that could create long-term budgetary problems?

The Upside to Property Tax Spike (CSM)

Much of the funding for these projects is coming from the booming real estate market, either from rising property taxes or fees on real estate transactions. Indeed, as housing prices increase dramatically, mayors are garnering funds for projects dry-docked after the dotcom bust. New roads and sewage lines are suddenly off the drawing board and causing traffic tie-ups.

For many communities, the windfall couldn’t come at a better time: Their budgets are still recovering from the recession.

“Without this increase in property-tax collections, many communities would be in dire straits,” says Chris Hoene, director of research at the National League of Cities in Washington.

Nationally, property-tax collections rose about 6 percent last year after several years of rising about 5 percent. But for some localities, the numbers are much higher. Montgomery County, Md., for one, estimates its revenue from real estate transfer taxes and a tax on recording deeds is up 80 percent.

States in red-hot real estate territory are also taking part in the boom. In Arizona, for example, property-tax collections were up 13 percent in 2004 compared with 2003, according to census data. Overall, the state reported an increase of 77 percent in individual income-tax collections this April over the prior year.

Officials are attributing the surge at least partly to the capital gains that individuals are taking on their real estate. “It’s an important factor,” says George Cunningham, deputy chief of staff and Gov. Janet Napolitano’s top budget adviser. “But Arizona really has been on the rebound for the last two to three years.”

Like other places with an unexpected increase in revenues, Arizona has lots of ideas on how to spend the money. Some lawmakers would like it to go to additional English-language instruction. Some money might go toward a reserve in case the forest-fire season is severe, and some money may be used to fund the third-year phase-in (out of five years) of all-day kindergarten. Funds might also go toward increasing the salaries of state employees. “Our employees are 20 percent below the market in salaries, and they are getting hired away at a fast rate,” says Mr. Cunningham.

While the data on this issue are still somewhat lacking, I nonetheless fear that short-sighted politicians will build ambitious programs based on unsustainable revenue streams. Thank goodness for people like Craig Clifford, the chief financial officer of Scottsdale, Arizona, who understands that “it’s a lot harder to cut than to add.” Otherwise, I’d be even more concerned with budgetary situations in “frothy” markets.

FILED UNDER: Economics and Business,
Alex Knapp
About Alex Knapp
Alex Knapp is Associate Editor at Forbes for science and games. He was a longtime blogger elsewhere before joining the OTB team in June 2005 and contributed some 700 posts through January 2013. Follow him on Twitter @TheAlexKnapp.

Comments

  1. reliapundit says:

    from CNN/HARVARD

    [http://money.cnn.com/2005/06/13/news/economy/housing_market/]

    JUNE 13th, 2005:

    Housing market boom seen continuing…

    Report: With a growing economy and a limited supply of land, there won’t be a slowdown anytime soon.

    June 13, 2005: 8:03 AM EDT

    NEW YORK (CNN/Money) – There is no sign of a slowdown in the housing market, thanks to an expanding economy, regulatory constraints and a limited supply of land for development, according to a report cited by the Washington Post Monday.

    Home prices have been climbing for 13 years, with the rise in 2004 the largest annual jump since 1979, the paper said, quoting from the report by Harvard University’s Joint Center for Housing Studies.

    Harvard economists cited by the paper said the market continues to be fueled by easy credit, low interest rates, affluent baby boomers buying second homes and the continued growth of immigration.

    Most housing indicators set records in 2004, the report noted, including the homeownership rate, new home sales, existing home sales and single-family housing starts.

    Homeownership has risen to a record high of 69 percent of households.

    Housing prices rose last year in all metropolitan areas tracked by Freddie Mac. The downside is that as prices rise, property taxes also are rising in many cities, which the report noted “falls especially hard on elderly owners with low fixed incomes.”

    The price increases in the purchase market have also caused problems for would-be first-time homeowners, the paper said, particularly those living in high-priced markets such as Southern California, New York and Washington. Land constraints in many of those cities make it likely that the regions will have “permanently higher prices,” the report said.

    [end CNN/HARVARD article]

    MORE HERE: http://www.jchs.harvard.edu/

    ME: The “HOUSING BUBBLE” is nothing more than LEFTISTS HYPE – as I blogged HERE:

    http://astuteblogger.blogspot.com/2005/05/booming-house-market-is-it-american.html

    For four years, Lefties like Krugman have been agitatedly warning that the Bush tax cuts were gonna lead to a depression – THEY WERE WRONG THEN; THEY ARE WRONG NOW.

    The Left seems to always be hoping for bad news.
    REMEMBER THE JOBLESS RECOVERY!? Just another sky-is-falling line of pure BS from the Left. And the Left even said that AFGHANISTAN was gonna be a QUAGMIRE. (The only REAL quagmire is the one the Left has led the DEMS into!)

    DON’T BELIEVE THEM WHEN THE LEFT SAYS WE’RE IN A HOUSING BUBBLE! It’s a HOUSING BOOM! And a housing boom is nothing more than the burgeoning of the American Dream: Home Ownership!

  2. Brian J. says:

    But every community needs a taxpayer-funded and maintained waterpark.

    Or else people will move on suburb over to have a waterpark to not attend.

  3. Round the Reader: Wednesday, 15 June 2005

    It’s been a while since I’ve done Round the Reader. I had asked Scott Boone to take care of it for me today but since I’m up at the butt crack of dawn I think I’ll knock it out real…