Torture: A Bad Idea
This strikes me as quite right:
An unstated assumption of the argument is that torture is good because it shows resolve, an appropriate moral toughness and the manly willingness to cast aside constraints when necessary. A corollary is that those who express moral unease with torture are themselves morally suspect, weak, untrustworthy, and probably traitorous when push comes to shove. Even if the argument isn’t always expressed, I think that what I’ve said here safely describes the phenomenon of the argument.
I take some exception to this, though:
This argument is the product of deep cultural shifts on the right. On the intellectual side, the right’s assimilation of Nietzschean and post-Nietzschean critiques of liberal democracy has probably helped. In addition, there is always a tension between inward looking, Polemarchan moral codes, if you will, and enlightenment and post-enlightenment liberal versions. Whatever the cause, though, attempts to divide people of good will on this issue are misguided.
The split here is less liberal-conservative than elite-nonelite (although, as always, there are intellectual elites on both sides of the debate with Mirengoff and Alan Derschowitz obvious examples). Elites tend to to think in abstract terms whereas the general public tends to focus on results.
The nature of terrorism, like that of organized crime, frustrates the public and those charged with protecting its safety. In both cases, there is substantial pressure to “bend the rules” in order to ensure justice. The promulgation of extraconstitutional means for targetting gangsters, RICO as an obvious example, and the advocacy of torture to extract intelligence from terrorists differ only in degree.
I am able to maintain my opposition to torture not only on philosophical grounds at least partly because of my practical sense that it is ineffectual–indeed, harmful–on public policy grounds. Those who believe that torture works may, understandably, be willing to rationalize away their moral objections.
It’s the Torture, Stupid
Senate Compromise on Detainee Rights, Torture
Canadian Court Allows Bush Torture Prosecution
U.K. to Deport Islamist Radicals, Possibly Even Citizens
Another Prison Torture Scandal
Guantanamo: Torture or No Torture?
Truth Extraction: Honey Beats Vinegar
In Defense of Rendition