Kissinger Wanted To Bomb Cuba

Newly released documents reveal that Henry Kissinger wanted to attack Cuba in the mid-1970s.

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The New York Times reports that a new set of documents released by former President Ford’s Presidential Library reveals that Henry Kissinger, then Ford’s Secretary of State and National Security Adviser, drew up secret plans to attack Cuba in the middle of the Cold War:

MIAMI — Nearly 40 years ago, Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger mapped out secret contingency plans to launch airstrikes against Havana and “smash Cuba,” newly disclosed government documents show.

Mr. Kissinger was so irked by Cuba’s military incursion into Angola that in 1976 he convened a top-secret group of senior officials to work out possible retaliatory measures in case Cuba deployed forces to other African nations, according to documents declassified by the Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library at the request of the National Security Archive, a research group.

The officials outlined plans to strike ports and military installations in Cuba and to send Marine battalions to the United States Navy base at Guantánamo Bay to “clobber” the Cubans, as Mr. Kissinger put it, according to the records. Mr. Kissinger, the documents show, worried that the United States would look weak if it did not stand up to a country of just eight million people.

“I think sooner or later we are going to have to crack the Cubans,” Mr. Kissinger told President Ford at a meeting in the Oval Office in 1976, according to a transcript.

The documents are being posted online and published in “Back Channel to Cuba,” a new book written by the longtime Cuba experts William M. LeoGrande, a professor of government at American University, and Peter Kornbluh, the director of the archive’s Cuba Documentation Project.

The previously undisclosed blueprint to strike Cuba highlights the tumultuous nature of American-Cuban relations, which soured badly after the 1959 revolution that brought Fidel Castro to power.

Mr. Kissinger, who was secretary of state from 1973 to 1977, had previously planned an underground effort to improve relations with Havana. But in late 1975, Mr. Castro sent troops to Angola to help the newly independent nation fend off attacks from South Africa and right-wing guerrillas.

That move infuriated Mr. Kissinger, who was incensed that Mr. Castro had passed up a chance to normalize relations with the United States in favor of pursuing his own foreign policy agenda, Mr. Kornbluh said.

“Nobody has known that at the very end of a really remarkable effort to normalize relations, Kissinger, the global chessboard player, was insulted that a small country would ruin his plans for Africa and was essentially prepared to bring the imperial force of the United States on Fidel Castro’s head,” Mr. Kornbluh said.

“You can see in the conversation with Gerald Ford that he is extremely apoplectic,” Mr. Kornbluh said, adding that Mr. Kissinger used “language about doing harm to Cuba that is pretty quintessentially aggressive.”

The plans suggest that Mr. Kissinger was prepared after the 1976 presidential election to recommend an attack on Cuba, but the idea went nowhere because Jimmy Carter won the election, Mr. LeoGrande said.

“These were not plans to put up on a shelf,” Mr. LeoGrande said. “Kissinger is so angry at Castro sending troops to Angola at a moment when he was holding out his hand for normalization that he really wants to, as he said, ‘clobber the pipsqueak.’ ”

Quite obviously, an American attack on Cuba would have had serious implications for the Cold War. The Soviets would have felt compelled to respond in some way to aggression against what was arguably at the time their most important ally outside of Eastern Europe and, while they might not have been able to relieve the Cubans in time to allow them to hold off what would have been a vastly superior American force, it seems certain that they would have found some way to respond. Most likely, that would have manifested itself by acting someplace in Europe in a way that would have raised tensions between the two nuclear superpowers even more immensely. West Berlin would have been the most obvious target. I don’t think it’s an understatement then that, had something resembling Kissinger’s plan been carried out it would have raised tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union to levels unseen since the Cuban Missile Crisis and, given how other events in the world were playing out in the mid-1970s, it’s not hard to see how the situation could have spiraled out of control.

Another consideration to factor into any evaluation of these documents is the state of the country at the time, Kissinger was drawing up these plans of his just as the Vietnam War was coming the its ignominious end with the fall of Saigon. Even though the U.S. had withdrawn several years later, the final fall of the ally we had been fighting to defend was quite a blow. More importantly, it’s not even clear how prepared the military would have been for an extended campaign in Cuba just three years after the end of a long and grueling war that had a significant impact on morale. Additionally, anti-war sentiment was still quite high in the country at the time and likely would have been reignited by what would have been, by and large, an unprovoked attack by the United States. Finally, given the fact that the economy was not exactly healthy in the mid-70s one has to wonder how a public that was already weary from nearly a decade of war in Vietnam would have reacted to something like this.

All that being said, I’m not sure that this story is as big a bombshell as the Times report makes it out to be. For one thing, there are contingent military plans drawn up for a wide variety of scenarios all the time, and this seems to have been especially true during the Cold War. On some level, I would have been surprised if there wasn’t a plan to attack Cuba sitting in a drawer somewhere during that time notwithstanding the fact that experiences like the Bay of Pigs and the Cuban Missile Crisis had sworn every subsequent American President off the idea of directly attacking the Castro regime. The fact that a plan was drawn up doesn’t mean that it would have ever been executed even if Ford had won the election in 1976, which, of course, he almost did. Indeed, there doesn’t appear to be any indication in these newly released documents that Ford had ever signed off on any of Kissinger’s ideas or given him the go ahead to do draw plans of any kind up. Ultimately, of course, the go ahead for any plan like this would have had to come from the President and, given the fact that such a plan would have raised Cold War tensions to unacceptably dangerous levels and that it’s not even clear that the nation or the military would have been prepared for or supported something like this, I seriously doubt that President Ford would have been the one to make a decision that could have potentially started World War III.

FILED UNDER: Military Affairs, National Security, , ,
Doug Mataconis
About Doug Mataconis
Doug holds a B.A. in Political Science from Rutgers University and J.D. from George Mason University School of Law. He joined the staff of OTB in May 2010. Before joining OTB, he wrote at Below The BeltwayThe Liberty Papers, and United Liberty Follow Doug on Twitter | Facebook

Comments

  1. edmondo says:

    What is the fascination of these Nobel Peace Prize winners with bombs? What’s next, Desmond Tutu comes out in favor of land mines?

  2. gVOR08 says:

    Political satire became obsolete when Henry Kissinger was awarded the Nobel peace prize.

    – Tom Lehrer

    _______________
    If you remember Tom Lehrer, you’ll be pleased to learn, as I just did, that he is retired, from teaching an introduction to math class for liberal arts majors at UC Santa Cruz.

  3. OzarkHillbilly says:

    @gVOR08: Tom Lehrer, an American treasure. Let me guess, the class was New Math, right?

  4. Moosebreath says:

    ” Kissinger, the global chessboard player, was insulted that a small country would ruin his plans for Africa and was essentially prepared to bring the imperial force of the United States on Fidel Castro’s head”

    One can see the parallels to the Republican response to Occupy Wall Street. How dare those little people have interests which go against ours!!

  5. JWH says:

    I’m waiting for the contingency plan involving an attack from Canada.

  6. OzarkHillbilly says:

    @JWH: I’m just hoping we have contingency plans for the Ebola infected ISIS child jihadis coming across the Rio Grande. I saw yesterday that satellites show they are massing in Chihuahua.

  7. C. Clavin says:

    “I was with Henry Kissinger last night,” O’Reilly told ABC’s George Stephanopoulos. “And he told me my idea of a worldwide anti-terror force paid for by the coalition of nations under the supervision of Congress — Kissinger has endorsed that for years.”

    So there you have it…the same guy that wanted to bomb Cuba thinks one of the leading Republican thinkers has the answer for terrorism.

    And people say Republicans are dumb……………..

  8. Slugger says:

    Integrity is not totally dead. Le Duc Tho refused the Nobel Peace Prize.

  9. Rob in CT says:

    Kissinger is a pretty disgusting human being, it’s true.

    The hell of it is that this revelation doesn’t really distinguish him from other American leaders with regard to Cuba, does it?

    Going back to the 19th century, various Americans wanted to get their hands on Cuba. Some Southerners wanted to buy it as part of their planned expanding slave empire (the same folks tended to want bits of Mexico and Central America too).

    The Spanish-American War lead to:

    The U.S. Congress had passed the Teller Amendment prior to the war, promising Cuban independence. However, the Senate passed the Platt Amendment as a rider to an Army appropriations bill, forcing a peace treaty on Cuba which prohibited it from signing treaties with other nations or contracting a public debt…The amendment granted the United States the right to stabilize Cuba militarily as needed. The Platt Amendment also provided for a permanent American naval base in Cuba. Guantánamo Bay was established after the signing of treaties between Cuba and the U.S. beginning in 1903.

    [Wiki]

    We were fine with Bautista. Castro wins and we respond with the Bay of Pigs (among other things).

    Kissinger wanted to smack Cuba around too. I guess he felt left out?

  10. Franklin says:

    Thankfully we had Ford to protect against this lunacy, perhaps the only good Republican President in the past 50 years.

  11. Gavrilo says:

    @Franklin:

    Ah, yes. It’s too bad all those Southern racists voted Democrat in 1976 (even after Nixon’s Southern strategy, no less) and gave us Jimmy Carter.

  12. C. Clavin says:

    @Gavrilo:
    It’s a damn good thing…without Carter, Reagan would have been a complete and absolute failure…and where would Republicans be today if they couldn’t make up stories about Saint Ronnie????

  13. Great post Doug. I just have one comment. You write:

    “Another consideration to factor into any evaluation of these documents is the state of the country at the time, Kissinger was drawing up these plans of his just as the Vietnam War was coming the its ignominious end with the fall of Saigon. Even though the U.S. had withdrawn several years later, the final fall of the ally we had been fighting to defend was quite a blow.”

    One wonders how much of the US is kind of in shock regarding the somewhat analogous situation with ISIS and Iraq?

  14. @Sean Paul Kelley:

    The analogy is quite apt, I am not certain that many people realized that quite yet.

  15. Shadows says:

    No wonder that Kissinger wanted to destroy Cuba. He is a typical American. Usually americans dont understand the meaning of the words liberty, respect, sovereignty etc. I sometimes wonder, how comes americans be the most uncivilised hypocrites on earth. Then I understood, it is not their fault. The american people are the descendants of criminals who migrated into America after ethnic cleansing the local people… How can they behave civilised???

  16. SC_Birdflyte says:

    Since Kissinger is fond of analogies to 19th century Europe, he sounds like Austrian military planners who wanted to kick the h*** out of Serbia; sort of a payback for being beaten by both France and Prussia in earlier wars.

  17. gVOR08 says:

    @Franklin: Ford was our second most harmful Republican president. His pardon of Nixon set the precedent that none of our elites would ever be held accountable. (Except for sexual peccadilloes, ’cause hey, we got papers to sell.)

  18. Tyrell says:

    @Shadows: “Manifest Destiny Manifest Destiny”

  19. timothy benton says:

    @gVOR08: I have to ask, did you feel the same way when they stupidly gave Obama the noble peace prize for doing nothing. That put the icing on the cake and showed the uselessness of the is prize and it was now giving prizes for speeches, not for actions.