Cleric Calls On Iraqis To Resist American “Occupiers”

Moqtada al-Sadr is back in Iraq, and it's a good thing we're on our way out.

Moqtada al-Sadr is back in Iraq after a four-year exile in Iran, and while the Iraqi political landscape may have changed in his absence, it’s clear that he has not:

NAJAF, Iraq – Anti-American Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr told a cheering crowd of thousands here Saturday that even though his party had matured into a political force, his followers should remain committed to fiercely resisting the United States.

“We say to the Iraq government: enough occupation and enough slavery. The occupation has to get out,” Sadr said. “We heard that the government has pledged to get the occupation out and we are waiting for its promise.”

In his first speech since ending nearly four years of self-imposed exile in Iran, Sadr returned to the anti-American message that first shot him to prominence in 2003 as the most outspoken Shiite opponent of the U.S. occupation.

Sadr vowed to support the new Iraqi government formed last month as long as it stayed focused and proved capable of improving Iraqi lives. “If it serves the people and provides security and safety and services, we are with it, not against it,” he said.

The cleric’s recent decision to support Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki for a second term ended eight months of political deadlock and allowed Maliki to name a government, creating the conditions for Sadr’s return.

Sadr spoke from a 15-foot stage erected in the street outside the home of his father, the late Grand Ayatollah Mohammed Sadiq Sadr, who was assassinated in 1999 by loyalists of Saddam Hussein. Sadr denounced violence against fellow Iraqis, specifically a string of recent assassinations of police and government officials and targeted bombings of Christians.

He called on his followers to “forget about the past and the conflicts that happened throughout the last years. All Iraqis should live in safety.”

But he did not extent that sentiment to the roughly 48,000 U.S. troops still in the country.

“Do not kill Iraqis but target the American forces,” he said. “The first and main goal for the Iraqi people is to get the occupation out.”

Sadr’s Mahdi Army clashed with U.S. troops in deadly battles from 2004 to 2007, before he fled the country ahead of the American troop surge.

It was just last week, of course, that Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Malaki¬† said that the current Status Of Forces Agreement with the United States, which calls for complete withdrawal of American troops from Iraq by the end of this year, is not subject to extension or alteration. Additionally, the current contingent of American troops is Iraq is largely confined to base unless they’re on a joint mission with Iraqi forces. In some sense, then, its unclear exactly what Sadr is calling on Iraqis to “resist,” unless you view this through the lens of Iraqi politics. Sadr is back to challenge the regime in Baghdad, just as he did four years ago. Whether that means at the ballot box or with bullets, or both, is unclear at this point, but given how things went last time, it’s best that we’re getting the heck out of there rather than getting ourselves embroiled in yet another Iraqi Civil War.

We’ve played this game before, we don’t need to play it again.

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Doug Mataconis
About Doug Mataconis
Doug Mataconis held a B.A. in Political Science from Rutgers University and J.D. from George Mason University School of Law. He joined the staff of OTB in May 2010 and contributed a staggering 16,483 posts before his retirement in January 2020. He passed far too young in July 2021.


  1. matt says:

    Oh look Sadr is feeling a little irrelevant…

  2. ponce says:


    Right Matt.

    Al Sadr is back to take Iraq off our hands…

  3. matt says:

    Naturally and he’s stirring the brew because he’s feeling neglected right now..

  4. ponce says:


    Read a newspaper once in a while, Matt.

    He’s the power behind the throne in the new coalition government.

  5. Looks like al-Sadr doesn’t read the newspaper either. If he did, he’s know that the Americans aren’t “occupiers,” we’re LIBERATORS!..