SpaceX Unveils Model Of Ship It Would Send To Mars

SpaceX unveiled a model of the "starship" it would send to Mars but there's still a lot of work to do.

Over the weekend, SpaceX unveiled the massive rocket that it hopes will take crews to the Moon and Mars:

The update on his mega-rocket was timed to coincide with the anniversary of SpaceX’s first successful launch 11 years ago. SpaceX has a steady business putting satellites in orbit and carrying cargo to the International Space Station. But whether the company can meet its founder’s aims of taking people to Mars is yet to be seen.

The company’s earliest rocket, Falcon 1, was just 68 feet high, 5.5 feet in diameter and could carry a payload of 400 pounds.

Starship, by comparison, is 164 feet high and 30 feet in diameter. It will be paired with a behemoth booster stage called the Super Heavy, and the full rocket will be 387 feet tall and able to lug more than 220,000 pounds to orbit. That would be about as powerful as the Saturn 5 rocket that took NASA astronauts to the moon 50 years ago, but able to fly again and again and again.

By making rockets more like other forms of transportation where the vehicle is not thrown away after one trip, the cost of going to space could plummet.

Mr. Musk said an orbital test flight of a refined Starship prototype and the Super Heavy booster could come in less than six months.

“I think we could potentially see people flying next year,” he said.

Mr. Musk, who spoke to a couple of reporters after the public portion of the event, said SpaceX could still meet timelines he set out a few years ago — landing a Starship on the moon and Mars within the next few years. Mr. Musk, however, has a history of setting aspirational schedules that turn out to be too optimistic.

Despite such futuristic ambitions, the Starship, made of stainless steel, reflected an imperfect, handcrafted sheen of an earlier era.

“It’s like you drove into a Flash Gordon movie or something,” said Andrew Goetsch, who lives in the nearby hamlet of about 30 homes and is thrilled to have a front row view of Mr. Musk’s space dreams, a sentiment not shared by all of his neighbors.

“It’s not often they build a rocket where you can get close enough for it to fall on you,” Mr. Goetsch said.

There are good engineering reasons for the choice of material.

Mr. Musk originally had planned to use high-tech carbon fiber, but switched to denser stainless steel. It is cheaper, easier to work with, becomes stronger in the ultracold temperatures of space and has a higher melting temperature that can more easily withstand the heat of re-entry into Earth’s atmosphere.

The Starship is to belly flop in the upper atmosphere at a 60-degree angle, Mr. Musk said. Then as it slows and nears the ground, it will rotate to vertical and land.

More from

BOCA CHICA VILLAGE, Texas — Elon Musk has a Starship, and one day he expects it will help SpaceX reach other worlds.  

Standing beneath a towering Starship Mk1, a prototype for SpaceX’s massive reusable launch system, Musk laid out his plan for interplanetary travel at the company’s South Texas test site here on Saturday (Sept. 28) — the 11th anniversary of the first successful orbital launch of SpaceX’s first rocket, the Falcon 1.

The new version of Starship (and its Super Heavy booster) will be able to carry up to 100people to the moon, Mars or other destinations in space or around Earth, he said. It will stand 387feet (118meters) tall and be completely reusable, with quick turnarounds. 

This is the rocket that will launch the billionaire Japanese entrepreneur Yusaku Maezawa and a handful of artists on a trip around the moon in the 2020s. SpaceX unveiled that planned space tourist trip last year (but did not disclose how much Maezawa paid).

“This is, I think, the most inspiring thing I have ever seen,” Musk told a crowd of about 200 SpaceX employees, guests and reporters at the company’s site near Boca Chica Village, just outside of Brownsville. “Wow, what an incredible job by such a great team to build this incredible vehicle. I’m so proud to work with such a great team.”

Musk has long said that the main goal of SpaceX, since its founding in 2002, has been to help make humanity a multiplanet species. The company has developed reusable Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy rockets, as well as reusable Dragon cargo capsules and a new Crew Dragon ship for astronauts. It has launchpads in Florida, California and now Boca Chica, where the company broke ground on its test site in 2014.

But Mars, Musk has said, has remained the true objective. 

“This is the fastest path to a self-sustaining city on Mars,” he said Saturday night, referring to the Starship-Super Heavy architecture.

While Musk talks about ambitious manned missions to the Moon and Mars, though, things aren’t quite so copasetic with respect to other projects:

NASA is still waiting for SpaceX to complete the Crew Dragon spacecraft that will fly astronauts to and from the International Space Station. The space agency has picked SpaceX (and another company, Boeing) to provide commercial crew flights to the station. 

While SpaceX did launch an unpiloted Crew Dragon test flight to the space station this year, a subsequent abort system test failed, leading to the destruction of the vehicle. SpaceX aims to resume abort system tests later this year ahead of the first crewed test flight.

NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine, it seems, is not happy with the years-long delays of Crew Dragon, as well as Boeing’s Starliner spacecraft, especially after seeing SpaceX build Starship Mk1 this year ahead of its own test flight. 

“I am looking forward to the SpaceX announcement tomorrow,” Bridenstine wrote on Twitter Friday. “In the meantime, Commercial Crew is years behind schedule. NASA expects to see the same level of enthusiasm focused on the investments of the taxpayer. It’s time to deliver.”

Musk’s ambitions are certainly ambitious, and one hopes that they succeed, but it’s a long way from where we are now and a ship capable of taking a crew to the Moon, never mind the extended trip that would be required for a mission to Mars. As things stand now, SpaceX, which has admittedly had a remarkable level of success in a complicated area, has yet to manage to send a crew to the International Space Station. They did get a step closer to that goal earlier this year with the successful launch and return of an unmanned Crew Dragon, It is anticipated that the first manned flight of the Crew Dragon will take place later this year but it could end up being delayed until 2020. If it is successful, then SpaceX will be able to provide NASA with an alternative to Russia as a means to get astronauts to and from the International Space Station in the future.

The Starship project, on the other hand, is still in basically what amounts to the theoretical stage. What Musk unveiled over the weekend isn’t an operational rocket, for example, but merely a mock-up of what they hope to be able to launch in the next several years. Before getting to that stage, there’s still a lot of testing to do, and probably no small degree of failure along the way. Getting a crew to the Moon will take years of testing and training. Getting one to Mars is likely to take longer. I appreciate Musk’s enthusiasm but I have to wonder if he isn’t getting a bit far out over his skis here.

FILED UNDER: Economics and Business, Science & Technology, , , , , , , , , , ,
Doug Mataconis
About Doug Mataconis
Doug Mataconis held a B.A. in Political Science from Rutgers University and J.D. from George Mason University School of Law. He joined the staff of OTB in May 2010 and contributed a staggering 16,483 posts before his retirement in January 2020. He passed far too young in July 2021.


  1. Kathy says:

    Space travel is a tricky subject, and one that the media fails more than usual in presenting (as compared with other science content).

    For instance:

    By making rockets more like other forms of transportation where the vehicle is not thrown away after one trip, the cost of going to space could plummet.

    This is so old it almost made me nostalgic. Remember the Space Shuttle was going to lower costs because it was reusable? It wound up being the most expensive launch system ever, because it was reusable.

    We can go back further. Explaining the cots of the Apollo program, Arthur C. Clarke made an analogy more or less as follows: Imagine if a ship like the Queen Mary could only carry three people and 100 kilograms of cargo, and sank after one round trip.”

    So the economics argument is right, but no one has yet figured out how to reuse space launchers economically. The Shuttle required extensive refurbishment between trips, more so because it carried people. The cheapest part might have been the external tank, which wasn’t reusable.

    SpaceX seems to be doing better, but there is little detail available. Yes, they’ve reused first stages, no mean feat, but at what cost in refurbishment? How many times can the same stage be launched? Does refurbishment include things like replacing the engines?

    I’m sure Musk wants to get to cheaper launches through reusability. So did NASA. But, unlike NASA, Musk is playing with his own money, in part, and any investors who may join in will insist on a profit.

    I guess we’ll see.

  2. gVOR08 says:

    Good analysis. Also, has Musk said anything about the Tesla Gamma Ray Shield? The Earth’s magnetic shield protects us, it even protects, to a lesser degree, personnel on the International Space Station. Radiation levels in deeper space are much higher.

  3. Kathy says:


    Also, has Musk said anything about the Tesla Gamma Ray Shield?

    That’s for another time.

    one of the more sophisticated Moon landing hoax theories, holds the astronauts would have died from radiation exposure as they crossed the Van Allen Belt. as it happens, this is a reasonable objection. Except the Apollo spacecraft trajectories managed to minimize the exposure by avoiding the thicker parts of the Belt.

    Past that, I’m not aware of any active research on the subject, or at least none that has produced any kind of new shielding. You could surround the ship with water, or ice, or ice mixed with rock and lead (this could be carried outside the craft). But this would incur a HUGE fuel penalty.

    And once you get to Mars, which has no magnetic field to speak of, the problem persists. There you can cover your habitat with soil, or build it underground, but, again, that will be expensive.

    What if Elon builds a perfectly workable Mars ship, and finds it can’t go because the travelers would be killed, or have their lifespans shortened by decades?

  4. Liberal Capitalist says:

    Kind of unrelated comment…

    Remember a week ago when someone downplayed electric planes?

    NASA thinks differently:

  5. Matt says:

    @Liberal Capitalist: That someone was Paul L being his usual self… so of course he’s wrong..

  6. DrDaveT says:


    The Shuttle required extensive refurbishment between trips, more so because it carried people.

    Indeed. My favorite way to understand the costs of the Space Shuttle is the graphic that shows the original NASA maintenance concept side by side with the actual maintenance facility in use.

  7. OzarkHillbilly says:

    I have seen this exact rocket… On the cover of several mid 60s SF books. So I don’t take this anymore seriously than I do the idea of human colonies on Mars.

    @Kathy: They have spotted caves on Mars. There was a lot of snickering about NASA recruiting cavers in the caving community.

    @Liberal Capitalist: @Matt: I remember that was Lounsbury. ETA and thinking about it I recall Paul L starting that but Lounsbury was ridiculing the idea as well.

  8. Just nutha ignint cracker says:

    @Matt: I thought it was bill, but all trolls look the same to me, and like the rest of you, I’m too lazy to go look it up.

  9. mike shupp says:

    Seems worth mentioning that NASA’s original idea for a “reusable” space shuttle back around 1972 involved fly-back fully reusable boosters and was guestimated to cost about 8.5 billion dollars in R&D over something like a 6 year period. OMB cut this down to just over 5 billion and stretched the R&D out by two additional years — which didn’t help the economics — on the grounds that this would help balance the federal budget.

    It was recognized at the time that this was going to materially increase launch costs, but that didn’t seem too much of a problem to most people working on the program, since the original shuttles weren’t expected to fly for more than a decade. After that, NASA’s budget would surely climb again and we’d return to manned Mars expeditions and second generation shuttles and other good things. Ho ho f***ing ho.

  10. Andrew Goetsch says:

    Try asking for real instead of rhetorically. There’s very little refurbishment and the engines are re-used. And garbage posts changing a few percent increase in health issues into “can’t go because the travelers would be killed, or have their lifespans shortened by decades” aren’t fooling anyone except people less intelligent than you.