Japanese Emperor Akihito To Abdicate Throne
For the first time in history, the reigning Emperor of Japan will abdicate the throne in favor his eldest son rather than serving out the rest of his reign:
HONG KONG — The emperor of Japan will step down on April 30, 2019, the first abdication by a Japanese monarch in two centuries, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said on Friday.
Emperor Akihito, 83, said last year that he planned to step down before his death, and Friday’s announcement set the date.
Emperors were godlike figures in Japan before the end of World War II. When Emperor Hirohito announced Japan’s surrender over the radio on August 15, 1945, it was the first time average citizens had heard his voice.
The American victors stripped the Chrysanthemum Throne of all political power. Emperor Akihito, Hirohito’s eldest son, has a strictly ceremonial role but is a respected and popular figure in Japan.
Japan’s Parliament passed a law in June that allows the emperor to retire, and proposed considering allowing the position to be passed to a female descendant.
Emperor Akihito’s retirement would allow his eldest son, Crown Prince Naruhito, 57, to succeed him.
Politically this will have no real impact, of course, since the Emperor now serves a merely symbolic role and has even less power than other monarchs such as the Queen of England. Culturally, though, this will be a big shift for Japan, where monarchs have always served until they died.