Lawyers Win SCOTUS Case, Forced to Leave Firm

A rather bizarre coda to yesterday's big Supreme Court decision.

This image is released free of copyrights under Creative Commons CC0 via pXhere.

Paul Clement and Erin Murphy represented the National Rifle Association in the case that struck down New York’s gun permit laws. Almost immediately after the decision was announced, they were ousted from their firm.

WSJ (“Winning Lawyers in Supreme Court Gun Case Leave Firm“)

Discord over gun rights erupted within the law firm that secured Thursday’s Second Amendment victory at the Supreme Court, with Kirkland & Ellis LLP announcing shortly after the decision that it would no longer take firearms cases and that it was parting ways with the two star partners who won the case.

After a Kirkland news release praising Paul Clement, a former U.S. solicitor general in the George W. Bush administration, and Erin Murphy, the two announced they were opening their own firm.

“Unfortunately, we were given a stark choice: either withdraw from ongoing representations or withdraw from the firm,” Mr. Clement said. “Anyone who knows us and our views regarding professional responsibility and client loyalty knows there was only one course open to us: We could not abandon ongoing representations just because a client’s position is unpopular in some circles.”

Mr. Clement, whose clients include the National Rifle Association, represented its affiliate, the New York State Rifle and Pistol Association, in November arguments before the Supreme Court. Ms. Murphy worked on the case with him.

“Paul and Erin have been valued colleagues,” Jon Ballis, chairman of Kirkland’s executive committee, said in a release. “We wish them the best of luck in the future and we look forward to collaborating with them in the future in matters not involving the Second Amendment.”

Kirkland, one of the world’s largest law firms, declined to comment beyond its news release.

After recent mass shootings, other Kirkland clients began expressing reservations over the firm’s work for the gun movement, a person familiar with the matter said. Kirkland “started getting a lot of pressure post-Uvalde, hearing from several big-dollar clients that they were uncomfortable,” this person said. “Several partners agreed that they should drop that representation.”

The paper also carries an op-ed by Clement and Murphy titled “The Law Firm That Got Tired of Winning.” It begins,

We are blessed to have represented before the Supreme Court a wide variety of clients, from large corporations and religious orders to criminal defendants and Native American groups. After we prevail before the high court, we generally receive a round of congratulatory messages from law-firm colleagues for a job well done, especially when we have helped our clients vindicate their fundamental constitutional rights.

This time around, we received a very different message from our law firm. Having just secured a landmark decision vindicating our clients’ constitutional Second Amendment rights in New York State Rifle & Pistol Association v. Bruen, we were presented with a stark choice—withdraw from representing them or withdraw from the firm. There was only one choice: We couldn’t abandon our clients simply because their positions are unpopular in some circles.

Some may find this notion strange or quaint. Many businesses drop clients or change suppliers as convenience dictates. To others, the firm’s decision will seem like one more instance of acceding to the demands of the woke. But law firms aren’t supposed to operate like ordinary businesses. Lawyers owe a duty of loyalty to their clients.

A lawyer can withdraw from a representation for good reason, like a newly discovered conflict of interest. But defending unpopular clients is what we do. The rare individuals and companies lucky enough to be universally popular (for the time being) have less need for lawyers. And the least popular clients are most in need of representation, from the British soldiers after the Boston Massacre to the defendant in the Boston Marathon bombing.

Our adversarial system of justice depends on the representation of controversial clients, no matter which side has most of big law rooting for it. This is particularly true in constitutional cases. Many of our fundamental constitutional guarantees are designed to be countermajoritarian, and many have been vindicated by litigants who are deeply unpopular, but still have a right to march through Skokie, Ill., to confront witnesses against them—or to defend themselves from violence.

This isn’t the first time we have left a firm to stick by a client. What makes this circumstance different is that the firm approved our representation of these clients years ago, and dropping them would cost the clients years of institutional memory. More remarkable still, in one of the cases we were asked to drop, we prevailed in the Supreme Court on Thursday. Those who object to the representation are thus taking issue with the Constitution as interpreted by a majority of the high court.

On the one hand, Kirkland & Ellis is a massive law firm and entitled to make business decisions as to who it represents. Yes, all clients are entitled to legal representation in our system of justice. No, they’re not entitled to be represented by Kirkland & Ellis. If the management team believes that representing the NRA and other gun interests is costing them in terms of reputation or business, they’re free to run the firm accordingly.

Still, it’s not like Paul Clement is an ordinary partner. He’s a former Solicitor General and has an incredibly distinguished career. As his bio on the firm’s website (still up as of this writing) notes, he “has argued more Supreme Court cases since 2000 than any lawyer in or out of government.” That the NRA and other gun interests were among his clients was hardly a surprise to the leadership team. It’s really bizarre to change course in this fashion.

By the same token, it’s not like Clements needs the association with any particular firm to keep his clients. And one presumes Murphy goes wherever he goes.

UPDATE (8:39): Looking at the firm’s website, I see that they proclaim themselves to have a “Social Commitment” to “advancing the communities in which we live and work, and we dedicate substantial energy, talent and resources to meaningful causes and initiatives that reflect our values and vision. For us, it’s simple. We have a responsibility to make a difference and to help our communities succeed.” One can certainly make an argument that this decision is consistent with that. Then again, they had the NRA as a client and were behind this case throughout.

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James Joyner
About James Joyner
James Joyner is Professor and Department Head of Security Studies at Marine Corps University's Command and Staff College. He's a former Army officer and Desert Storm veteran. Views expressed here are his own. Follow James on Twitter @DrJJoyner.


  1. wr says:

    How nice for these lawyers that they were the ones who gave Clarence Thomas the opportunity to usher in a new golden age of mass murder. Still, the notion that they “won” the case is absurd. Thomas invented a whole new rationale for judging the constitutionality of laws, and it’s obvious he would have ruled this way had these lawyers been replaced by Don Jr and Eric arguing that “guns are fun and make us feel funny in our manparts.”

  2. drj says:

    New York State Rifle v. Bruen is a ridiculous decision (shorter Thomas: “Permittable gun regulation must be deeply rooted in US history, so let’s overturn this law that has been on the books for 110 years.”)

    It’s an unserious ruling based on unserious pleading which is bound to lead to a significant increase in gun deaths.

    I can imagine that Kirkland & Ellis LLP doesn’t want to be known as a bunch of crazy, irresponsible culture warriors. Apart from the ethical component, it’s bad for business.

    Still, it’s not like Paul Clement is an ordinary partner. He’s a former Solicitor General and has an incredibly distinguished career.

    He has chosen to promote a social cause (more gun deaths) that is abhorrent to any sane person.

    Maybe this comes as as shock to authoritarian-minded conservatives, but distinguished people with notable careers can absolutely be idiots and/or moral nihilists. The last couple of years should have made that abundantly clear, I think.

    Yes, all clients are entitled to legal representation in our system of justice.

    In criminal cases, yes (for obvious reasons). As a claimant in civil cases, absolutely not (for equally obvious reasons).

    What is actually bizarre (at least from an ethical perspective) about this saga is that Kirkland & Ellis LLP didn’t kick out Paul Clement and Erin Murphy sooner. I guess the money was too good while it lasted.

  3. Cheryl Rofer says:

    Yup. Kirkland and Ellis don’t want to be responsible for killing kids. Clarence Thomas and the merry band of disruptors do. Simple as that.

  4. drj says:

    By the way, this is not the first time that Clement resigned from a high-profile law firm.

    Back in 2011, he resigned from King & Spalding when that firm didn’t want to continue defending the Defense of Marriage Act (which made same sex marriage illegal throughout the country).

    Clement also represented various red states seeking to overturn the Affordable Care Act (on extremely dubious legal grounds, I must add) and argued in favor of partisan gerrymandering.

    Quite a piece of work.

    While his career may have been “distinguished,” he is also an immoral sack of shit.

    I find it heartening, to be frank, that even in Big Law there appears to be a limit to what is deemed socially acceptable.

  5. gVOR08 says:

    @Cheryl Rofer: I fear I must disagree. Kirkland and Ellis were OK with being responsible for killing kids. But their customers told them being known as being responsible for killing kids was bad for business. But that’s better than nothing. And it’s unlikely threatening to “cancel” K&E will become widely known or affect the image of the companies who did, so kudos to them.

  6. Kathy says:

    The firm in question should take some of its money and head down to Honest Doc Brown’s DeLorean Mods dealership.

  7. steve says:

    Its all about the money. If the firm thought they would make more money representing the NRA they would do that. They now think they will make less money so they booted those two lawyers. Lets not pretend there are some principles at stake here. Its the money.


  8. Gustopher says:

    I know the firm is just acting out of concern for their wallet, but I’m ok with pretty much any efforts to shun and segregate the gun humpers.

  9. Just nutha ignint cracker says:

    For a change, I’m going to be optimistic. Kirkland & Ellis did the right thing staying with representing a client they had taken on even after the firm had decided on a philosophical shift that would in other situations have precluded taking the client. They also are doing the right thing by 1) announcing that keeping such business is antithetical to their current philosophy and 2) offering the partners (?) in question the choice of staying or leaving. The partners in question are doing the right thing in deciding to leave (relatively) gracefully. Everyone behaved as lawyers–in the good sense of what lawyer’s do. Makes me feel proud about the field, for once.

    The only persons doing the wrong thing here are Clarence Thomas and his co-conspirators, but that’s also going to become more common and time goes on. (Damn. Couldn’t hold the optimistic tone long enough. 🙁 )

  10. OzarkHillbilly says:

    Something tells me a couple of mass shootings in Buffalo NY and Uvalde TX had more to do with this decision than any court room antics.