New Canadian Government Likely To Legalize Marijuana

Canada's Liberal Party ran on a platform that includes nationwide marijuana legalization. With the election won, it seems only a matter of time before Canadians will be able to light up legally.

Last night’s Liberal Party victory in Canada likely means that legal marijuana will be coming to America’s neighbor to the north. As Jacob Sullum points out at Reason, the party ran on a promise to legalize marijuana, and included a plank on the issue in their platform:

We will legalize, regulate, and restrict access to marijuana.

Canada’s current system of marijuana prohibition does not work. It does not prevent young people from using marijuana and too many Canadians end up with criminal records for possessing small amounts of the drug.

Arresting and prosecuting these offenses is expensive for our criminal justice system. It traps too many Canadians in the criminal justice system for minor, non-violent offenses. At the same time, the proceeds from the illegal drug trade support organized crime and greater threats to public safety, like human trafficking and hard drugs.

To ensure that we keep marijuana out of the hands of children, and the profits out of the hands of criminals, we will legalize, regulate, and restrict access to marijuana.

We will remove marijuana consumption and incidental possession from the Criminal Code, and create new, stronger laws to punish more severely those who provide it to minors, those who operate a motor vehicle while under its influence, and those who sell it outside of the new regulatory framework.

We will create a federal/provincial/territorial task force, and with input from experts in public health, substance abuse, and law enforcement, will design a new system of strict marijuana sales and distribution, with appropriate federal and provincial excise taxes applied.

In comments earlier in the campaign, incoming Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said that the creation of a legalization regime would be a top priority for the new government:

During a campaign stop in B.C.’s Lower Mainland, Justin Trudeau said a Liberal government would start work “right away” on reforming the country’s marijuana laws.

At an event in Surrey Wednesday, CTV News reporter Laurie Graham pointed out to Trudeau that while one of his earliest promises after becoming Liberal leader was to legalize marijuana, he has not expanded on that pledge during the campaign.

“When can Canadians expect you to legalize pot if you’re elected?” she asked the Liberal leader.

Trudeau responded that Liberals were committed to ending Harper’s “failed approach on marijuana” that he said makes it easier for young people to get their hands on the drug than beer or cigarettes.

“We’re going to get started on that right away,” he said, adding that his team would research best practices from other jurisdictions around the world that have legalized marijuana.

Graham noted that the Liberal fiscal plan for the next four years does not include taxes on pot as a source of revenue. Trudeau reiterated that the party would start working on legalization and regulation of marijuana “right away.”

The leader gave a loose timeline, saying laws could be changed within the first two years of a new Liberal government.

He defended the omission of marijuana revenues from the party’s platform because they don’t yet know the rate at which the drug would be taxed or whether that would happen within the first months, first year, or second year of government.

“But make no mistake about it, Mr. Harper’s failed approach — which endangers our kids and endangers our communities —needs to stop,” he repeated.

The Liberals aren’t alone in their support for legalization in Canadian politics since it is a position shared by the New Democratic Party, which will control the third largest number of seats in the new Parliament after the Conservatives, as well as other minor party. Meanwhile, Bloc Québécois, the political party that has promoted ideas such as greater autonomy for Quebec in the past, officially supports decriminalization of marijuana. That leaves only the Conservatives, which have just suffered a significant defeat that is likely to leave them reeling for a direction for the better part of the next year or more, as the only Canadian political party that supports the current policy regarding marijuana, which isn’t all that dissimilar from those of the Federal Government here in the United States and most state government with the exception of those jurisdictions, such as Colorado, Washington, Oregon, Alaska, and the District of Columbia that have acted to legalize marijuana and the local and state jurisdictions that have decriminalized it to the extent that possession of the amount of marijuana an average person would use is essentially treated like a traffic infraction than a criminal offense. More recently, there have been movements to put marijuana legalization initiatives on the ballot, including in California where a similar measure failed in 2012 but seems likely to succeed this time around assuming supporters can get sufficient signatures to get it on the ballot.

From Trudeau’s words, it doesn’t sound as though legalization will be among the first actions the new government takes when Parliament reconvenes, and that’s somewhat understandable. While this is an important issue to many, it is but one of many that the Liberals campaigned on and not necessarily the highest priority. Additionally, his comments suggest that they haven’t entirely thought through what regulations would be appropriate regarding legal marijuana, how to deal with the issue of minors having access to the drug, or the myriad of complex issues revolving around international drug trafficking, many of which are covered by treaties to which Canada (and the United States) is a signatory. There are also issues that will be raised by the fact that Americans may be looking to come across the border to take advantage of the new law when it does pass, something that may or may not sit well in the United States depending on what the legal status of marijuana here is at that point. Obviously, it won’t be much of an issue in the Pacific Northwest or along the Canadian border with Alaska, but that only covers one part of the vast border between the two countries.

All those questions aside, though, this is yet another example of the extent to which the movement to legalize marijuana has advanced around the world in a relatively short period of time. There was a time in the past where legal marijuana was the exception rather than the rule, found only in some European nations such as The Netherlands. As time has gone on, though, public attitudes on the issue have shifted significantly such that, in addition to the legalization and decriminalization efforts we’ve seen here in the United States, polling now shows that a majority of Americans support the full legalization of marijuana. With referendum efforts continuing in other states, and California possibly set to join the list of states where marijuana is legal within a year or two, the fact that our largest and closest neighbor only seems likely to spur action along that route here in the United States, and that’s a good thing.

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Doug Mataconis
About Doug Mataconis
Doug Mataconis held a B.A. in Political Science from Rutgers University and J.D. from George Mason University School of Law. He joined the staff of OTB in May 2010 and contributed a staggering 16,483 posts before his retirement in January 2020. He passed far too young in July 2021.


  1. Rafer Janders says:

    At the very least this will do wonders for Canadian tourism.

  2. James Pearce says:

    I read an item in the Denver Post this morning about how the marijuana industry is driving the city’s recovery in the commercial real estate market.

    The only businesses investing in my neighborhood are Walmart and weed dispensaries.

    Believe in freedom and capitalism? Support legal marijuana.

  3. Tyrell says:

    I am interested in up to date studies of the effects of the marijuana on the brain, lungs, and other organs and systems of the body. I remember our health classes in high school hit this stuff pretty hard: it would burn up your brain, personality bending (schizophrenic disorder), lead to harder drug addiction, and probable lung damage. We watched some movies ( 16 mm films, no dvd’s or vhs in those days). We went around handing out literature about it st local hangouts. Then, the craze of “tune in, turn on, and drop out” was in full swing in some areas. The country certainly does not need to go through the psychodelic craze of the ’70’s.
    I would like to read what some modern, reliable medical studies say.
    Decisions about this should be left to the individual towns and counties.
    I would not be in favor of any imprisonment for possession or selling.

  4. Console says:


    With this sort of issue I tend to be on the side of “can we at least get rid of the blatantly stupid laws?” before we start kvetching about the deeper and more nuanced issues. Hell, part of the reason we don’t have a lot of marijuana research in America is because of the way the federal government classifies the drug.

  5. Tillman says:

    Finally, British Columbia will get some of the recognition it deserves.

  6. Tyrell says:

    @Console: Thanks for the reply and information. I was brought up on the “this is your brain” commercials, and people saying that stuff kills so many million brain cells every time you use it.

  7. edmondo says:

    @James Pearce:

    Believe in freedom and capitalism…

    If you believe in capitalism, you need weed.

  8. anjin-san says:


    I would like to read what some modern, reliable medical studies say.

    Look at how many people die each year from using tobacco, alcohol, and prescription drugs.

    Then ask yourself if you have ever heard of anyone dying from smoking pot.

    Is it harmless? No. But compared to the above mentioned substances, it is pretty damn benign.

  9. James Pearce says:


    I am interested in up to date studies of the effects of the marijuana on the brain, lungs, and other organs and systems of the body.

    Well you came to the right place, my man. I have studied the effects of marijuana on the body intently for years. The primary effects are a sense of euphoria and well-being. Chemically, the active ingredient in cannabis is very similar to neurotransmitters the body creates on its own. (It’s how the stuff works actually.)

    There are downsides, though. Tolerance can be discouraging, Smoking it is an efficient but harmful way of consuming it. That schizophrenia stuff? If you’re not already predisposed to becoming schizophrenic, don’t worry about it.

  10. michael reynolds says:

    It’s not great for short-term memory.

    But it’s great for. . . Wait a minute. . . right on the tip of my tongue. . .

    On the other hand, it keeps me from wanting to kill people.

  11. James Pearce says:

    @michael reynolds:

    It’s not great for short-term memory.

    I have a theory on that and it revolved around “state dependent learning.” I have an old friend who used to smoke weed while she was studying for her JD. I told her that if she did that, she’d have to take the bar exam while high.

    I don’t think she passed until she took my advice.

    “I make no secret of the fact that I’ve tried marijuana…about 50,000 times.”
    – Bill Maher

  12. Gustopher says:

    I’m too stoned to care what Canada does.

  13. michael reynolds says:

    @James Pearce:
    I should add that I’ve never had a good memory. But stoned I get close to aphasia.

  14. James Pearce says:

    @michael reynolds:

    I should add that I’ve never had a good memory.

    Memory is overrated anyway.

    “I wrote it down in my diary so I wouldn’t have to remember.”
    – Henry Jones Sr.

    (Aphasia not amnesia? Or are you making a sly cottonmouth reference?)

  15. Frank says:

    Just a small correction to the article. Contrary to popular belief pot is not legal in the Netherlands. Its reputation confuses of course. In truth it’s only tolerated officially here, while still technically illegal. Possibly the fact that we started on this path so early created this reputation, but in fact we are behind on some other countries…

  16. gVOR08 says:

    @Tyrell: @Console: I’m old enough to remember a speech by IIRC Nixon’s Surgeon General. His remarks on marijuana amounted to saying that the government had done extensive research on the harmful effects of marijuana, that they had found none, but that they would keep researching until they did. A model for the Benghazi Committee I guess.

  17. Frank says:

    @Tyrell: not that hard to just check Wikipedia for information about its effect btw. It cites plenty of literature.

  18. KM says:

    There are some places in this country where the population regularly crosses an international border to get decent Chinese food or drink legally before America says they can. So it shall be for weed if this comes to pass.

    I wonder what the border guards’ directive will be when they stop a car coming back into the US and half the passengers are obviously baked. It could result in an interesting tourism side business – come to Niagara Falls! See the sights, smoke a joint or two, take a nap in style in a come-down hotel overlooking the lovely Niagara Gorge so the Feds don’t kick your ass crossing the Rainbow Bridge!

  19. Pete S says:

    @KM: And some of the old 70’s vintage wax museums on Clifton Hill might be way more interesting on this sort of trip!

  20. Grewgills says:

    It is a bit of a gray area. It is legal to grow in small quantities (5 plants in most localities I am aware of), it is legal to possess and sell in small quantities as well. It is not legal to grow or sell on a commercial scale. That means that most coffee shops legally sell pot, but have to purchase it illegally. This gives Dutch authorities the ability to shut down any coffee shop they want to on a whim, because they can always bust them buying their supply.

  21. pylon says:

    A lot of people treat it as a frivolous issue, but it will have consequences on incarceration, criminal records/employment/border travel, safety of the product and (maybe) economic aspects.