SpaceX Wants To Send Civilians To Orbit The Moon, By The End Of 2018

An ambitious plan to return men to the Moon in less than two years.

Falcon Haavy

Elon Musk’s SpaceX has announced some rather ambitious plans to send two private parties around the Moon by the end of next year:

SpaceX, the ambitious rocket company headed by Elon Musk, wants to send a couple of tourists around the moon and back to Earth before the end of next year. If they manage that feat, the passengers would be the first humans to venture that far into space in more than 40 years.

Mr. Musk made the announcement on Monday in a telephone news conference. He said two private individuals approached the company to see if SpaceX would be willing to send them on a weeklong cruise, which would fly past the surface of the moon — but not land — and continue outward before gravity turned the spacecraft around and brought it back to Earth for a landing.

“This would do a long loop around the moon,” Mr. Musk said. The company is aiming to launch this moon mission in late 2018.

The two people would spend about a week inside one of SpaceX’s Dragon 2 capsules, launched on SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy rocket. The spacecraft would be automated, but the travelers would undergo training for emergencies.

Mr. Musk did not say how much the travelers would pay for the ride. “A little bit more than the cost of a crewed mission to the space station would be,” he said.

The Falcon Heavy itself has a list price of $90 million.

While the trip appears to be within the technical capabilities of SpaceX, industry experts wondered whether the company could pull it off as quickly as Mr. Musk indicated. “Dates are not SpaceX’s strong suit,” said Mary Lynne Dittmar, executive director of the Coalition for Deep Space Exploration, a space advocacy group consisting of aerospace companies. The Dragon 2 and Falcon Heavy are years behind schedule and have yet to fly.

“It strikes me as risky,” Dr. Dittmar said, adding that autonomous systems are not infallible. “I find it extraordinary that these sorts of announcements are being made when SpaceX has yet to get crew from the ground to low-Earth orbit.”

Last week, a crewless Dragon capsule taking cargo to the International Space Station aborted its rendezvous because of a glitch. It successfully arrived a day later.

Mr. Musk said the two would-be private space travelers wished to remain anonymous for now. He declined to describe them, except to say they knew each other.

Seven space tourists have paid tens of millions of dollars to fly on Russian Soyuz rockets to visit the International Space Station, which is about 200 miles above the Earth’s surface. This would be a much more distant trip. The moon is about a quarter million miles away, and the trajectory would take the capsule 300,000 to 400,000 miles from Earth.

No astronauts have ventured beyond low-Earth orbit since the last of NASA’s Apollo moon landings in 1972. NASA is working on a rocket, the Space Launch System, and a capsule, Orion, that would be capable of taking astronauts to deep space once again.

But that first launch, without anyone on board, is scheduled for late next year, taking a path similar to what Mr. Musk has proposed for his space tourists.

This month, NASA announced it is looking at the possibility of putting astronauts on the first flight, but officials say that would probably delay the launch to 2019.

The rocket that SpaceX would use for the voyage is more powerful than its current Falcon 9 workhorse, but not as large as NASA’s.

When Mr. Musk announced the Falcon Heavy in 2011, he said it would fly in 2013. The maiden flight is now scheduled for this summer.

If Musk is able to pull this off, it would be the first time humans ventured beyond the Earth orbit of the International Space Station since the last Apollo mission more than forty years ago, but whether or not it can be pulled off is the big uncertainty. So far, SpaceX has yet to test the heavy rocket that would be used to get them into orbit and beyond Earth’s gravity to begin with and that project is already four years behind schedule. Additionally, we have yet to see any testing of actual human flight using the Dragon as a vehicle to transport astronauts anywhere. Obviously, there would need to be extensive testing of both aspects of this system before a flight around the Moon could even be considered. Ordinarily, that would include a combination of both manned and unmanned test flights that would test out the equipment to be used in much the same way that the early Gemini and Apollo flights were, ultimately, a dress rehearsal for the landing on the Moon that took place in 1969. That even, of course, took place some seven years after Gemini and Apollo began other limited flights, and while a SpaceX flight like the one that’s conceived of here would not necessarily require as much pre-flight testing as the program did in the 1960s, it seems certain that there would have to be some testing of the systems and some accounting for the time taken up by setbacks that in this case could be life-threatening.

As a concept, this is something that certainly does stir the imagination. The idea of civilians being able to travel in space is one that has long captured the imagination of Americans and others interested in space, and the commercial space industry has come a long way in its ability to blaze trails where NASA has seemingly fallen behind. At the same time, though, it’s worth remembering that space travel remains an inherently risky activity. Not only do the tragedies that happened to the Challenger and Columbia remind us of this fact, but there’s also the fact that SpaceX and other private ventures have seen their rockets fail spectacularly in front of a live audience. In those cases, of course, we were only dealing with a resupply mission to the ISS and the equipment lost was easily replaceable. The same would not be true if a similar accident were to befall a manned mission, and a failure would set the cause of space travel back several years at least. So, while I’ll cheer Musk on and hope that he’s able to succeed even with all the doubters, I’ll be hoping that he’s cautious enough to proceed in a manner that doesn’t risk the future of the cause that he cares so much about.

Illustration of Falcon Heavy Rocket via SpaceX 


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Doug Mataconis
About Doug Mataconis
Doug Mataconis held a B.A. in Political Science from Rutgers University and J.D. from George Mason University School of Law. He joined the staff of OTB in May 2010 and contributed a staggering 16,483 posts before his retirement in January 2020. He passed far too young in July 2021.


  1. Slugger says:

    A climb of Mt. Everest goes for $75,000. They should be able to get a million for this ride. I am sure that people would sign up at that price.
    Sending biologic critters into space makes no sense. The two robots on Mars are doing a great job at a tiny fraction of the cost of sending people. I am sure that more versatile and more rugged robots will be devised faster than evolution will make tougher people.

  2. Sleeping Dog says:

    Musk is someone who is willing to release half baked technologies, i.e. his self driving Tesla, before the bugs are worked out, so why not use a couple of paying customers as guinea pigs.

    Let’s take up a collection and send Trump.

  3. Just 'nutha ig'nint cracker says:

    Say what you will, Marx was right, the wealthy have to do something with their surplus capital. Additionally, Veblen noted that at the level of conspicuous consumption, the utility of the purchase is inverse to its cost. Consumer flights to space is an idea whose time has come–the ultimate toy purchase (other than a sports franchise–which is the ultimate dividing line, Trump can’t afford one, for instance) for the person who seeks bigger, better trivialities that not everyone can get.

  4. Mr. Bluster says:

    @Sluggo:..Sending biologic critters into space makes no sense.

    To you.

    I have wanted to travel to outer space since I was in grade school. The Flash Gordon TV series when I was 6 years old in 1954 sold me on the idea. I have been waiting a long time.
    With the release of Kubrick’s 2001: Space Odyssey and the Apollo moon landing I was sure I would celebrate my 30th on the moon.
    I even tried to enlist in the Air Force after I graduated from High School in 1966. The recruiter told me to go to college. He might have saved my life.
    I know John Glenn was 77 on his last flight. At 69 that gives me 8 years to get in shape and save up my Social Security benefits.
    Maybe SpaceX will offer the AARP discount by 2025.

  5. Tyrell says:

    The first step toward a manned Mars mission by 2025.

  6. Franklin says:

    @Sleeping Dog: You seem to be under the impression that a large piece of software can be made perfect. It cannot. There is not enough data to fairly compare yet, but riding in a Tesla appears no less safe than any other car at the moment.

    Look, self-driving vehicles will have accidents. Some of those accidents will appear incredibly dumb to humans. But once the fatalities-per-million-miles statistic drops to a tenth of what it was when humans were driving, there won’t be a single respectable observer left that thinks this was all a bad idea.

    The only question left is when that will happen. I predict somewhere between the optimists’ and the pessimists’ views.

  7. JohnMcC says:

    @Mr. Bluster: I am with you on that my friend Phineas T. If I won the lottery a couple of times – I’d take my titanium joints and cardiac stint and go into serious training for the chance to look down on the frigging moon.

    All the objections to manned space flight are correct, of course.

    But wouldn’t it be the coolest thing ever! Even better that my 2d place dream (owning a Titan Aircraft Co. product called the T-51 — a 2/3d replica of the WW2 warbird P-51 Mustang).

    My Mom used to say that the difference between a man and a boy is only the price of their toys.

  8. Mr. Bluster says:


  9. Mr. Bluster says:

    Sending biologic critters on Space Mountain at Disneyland makes no sense either.

  10. Sleeping Dog says:


    I’m well aware of the difficulties of squashing bugs in software. But the Tesla’s issues regarding self driving go beyond typical SW issues. It came out after the accident in Florida, where a Tesla under autopilot didn’t see a tractor-trailer, that he ‘eyes’ of Tesla self driving system were being utilized in a manner that the manufacturer of the technology had not certified the product for.

  11. Mr. Bluster says:

    It came out after the accident in Florida, where a Tesla under autopilot didn’t see a tractor-trailer, that he (sic) ‘eyes’ of Tesla self driving system were being utilized in a manner that the manufacturer of the technology had not certified the product for.

    As V-1 was turning left, and for unknown reasons, D-2 failed to observe V-1 making the left turn and took no evasive action based on physical evidence at the scene. V-2 collided with V-1’s trailer’s right side in the middle area, with the windshield and roof of V-2. Upon impact, V-1 continued to make the left turn…and came to rest facing south on NE 140th Court…
    Post collision, V-2 was redirected to the southeast 337 feet, 4 inches, prior to traveling onto the south shoulder for another 271 feet. V-2 then collided with a wire fence line. After colliding with the wire fence line, V-2 continued 187 feet, 2 inches before colliding with a second wire fence line. After colliding with the second wire fence line, V-2 traveled an additional 51 feet, 7 inches and collided with a wooden utility pole with the front left of V-2, which upon impact broke the pole. The bottom portion of the wooden pole traveled 36 feet, 9 inches to its final rest. Upon impacting the wooden pole V-2 traveled 60 feet, 6 inches rotating counterclockwise and came to final rest facing north in a grass field.

  12. Matt says:

    @Sleeping Dog: A lot of components are used for stuff they aren’t certified for. Mostly because manufacturers don’t want to spend the money to certify them for everything or expose themselves to the lawsuits inherent with certain certifications.

    Based on the colors involved and other variables people aren’t even sure if a lidar system would of seen the truck.

    The crash in Florida happens thousands of times a year with non tesla cars. The driver of the tesla in Florida knew he couldn’t rely on the autopilot to do everything and yet he did. It was blatantly user error that allowed that crash to occur.

  13. Slugger says:

    @Mr. Bluster: I am not against people going into space. I do think that they should pay for this themselves. I did pay for my child to go to Disney; I would balk at paying for you. Please understand that I bear you no ill will. If you want a big adventure, go for it! I am not against the people who spend $75k to climb Everest. I wish them well. I wish you a hearty bon voyage on your space trip.
    I do thing that robotic explorers can gather information much, much cheaper than a meat unit.

  14. Matt says:


    I do thing that robotic explorers can gather information much, much cheaper than a meat unit.

    While that is true a meat unit doing it gets a lot more media attention and thus pressure for more funding. Although lately NASA and crew have done really well using twitter and other social media to drum up hype on their robotic missions.

    It’s been amazing what NASA has done with what little budget it has.

  15. DrDaveT says:

    So, what’s the over / under that one of the two is Richard Branson?

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