The Bush-Kerry Debates

Bush likely to bow out of one debate (MSNBC)

President Bush may skip one of the three debates that have been proposed by the Commission on Presidential Debates and accepted by Sen. John F. Kerry (D-Mass.), Republican officials said yesterday. The officials said Bush’s negotiating team plans to resist the middle debate, which was to be Oct. 8 in a town meeting format in the crucial state of Missouri.

The Bush-Cheney campaign announced that its debate negotiation team will be led by James A. Baker III, who was secretary of state under President George H.W. Bush. Baker headed the Bush campaign’s Florida recount response in 2000 and is the current president’s personal envoy on Iraqi debt resolution. Baker negotiated debates in 1980, 1984, 1988 and 1992. As chief of staff to Bush’s father in 1992, he took a cautious stance with the view that a sitting president has little to gain and much to lose in debates, according to accounts at the time.

Bush aides refused to discuss their opening position. Officials familiar with the issue said he plans to accept the commission’s first debate, which is to focus on domestic policy, and the third one, which is to focus on foreign policy. The audience for the second debate, to be at Washington University in St. Louis, was to be picked by the Gallup Organization. The commission said participants should be undecided voters from the St. Louis area. A presidential adviser said campaign officials were concerned that people could pose as undecided when they actually are partisans.

Editorial: Don’t Duck the Debates (WaPo)

THIS IS, or so we are constantly told by partisans on both sides, the most important election of our lives — at least. At the Republican convention last week, Vice President Cheney called it “one of the most important, not just in our lives, but in our history.” You’d think, then, that both campaigns would be eager to see that voters get as much of a chance as possible to see the two candidates debate. The bipartisan Commission on Presidential Debates, which has sponsored such encounters since 1988, has proposed a schedule of three 90-minute presidential debates (one on foreign policy, one on domestic issues and one a town-hall-style session with undecided voters) along with a vice presidential debate.

Democratic nominee John F. Kerry accepted the proposal in July. But even as the time for the first debate nears — it’s set for Sept. 30 in Miami — the Bush campaign hasn’t committed and may be trying to limit the number of presidential debates to two. “We look forward to these debates,” Bush campaign manager Ken Mehlman said Sunday on ABC’s “This Week.” “We look forward to having a debate about debates. We will, in an appropriate time, which is shortly, talk about our intended participation.” Rather than debating about debates, President Bush should just say yes. Surely voters are entitled to at least the 4 1/2 hours of presidential debates the commission has proposed.

I’ve seen a bit of consternation over this one of late. Both headlines presume that the president somehow has a duty to accept the proposal out-of-hand. Nonsense. Indeed, Bush’s stance is perfectly reasonable here.

First, I agree that the “citizen forum” debates are idiotic. One always gets useless questions as the one from the pony-tailed gentleman in 1992 who thought the candidates were his daddy.

Second, the challenger always has much more to gain from the debates than an incumbent. Indeed, Bush has virtually nothing to gain. People already know what kind of president he’d be: He’s been the president for almost four years. Further, while Kerry has nothing better to do than prep for debates, Bush has a war to run.

Third, strategic choices are the prerogative of both candidates. Bush is ahead. The best he could do coming out of a debate would be to come out still ahead.

Fourth, and most importantly, debates have nothing to do with the presidency. Debates are supposed to demonstrate the ability of candidates to think on their feet. But presidents make decisions in the deliberative privacy of the Oval Office, surrounded by advisors, and at their own pace. The ability to memorize clever gotcha lines and insert them at the proper time in the debate is handy preparation for, well, other debates. But not much else. And, again, given that Bush is the incumbent, we already know what kind of president he’ll make.

Bush has agreed to debate Kerry on foreign policy and domestic policy. That’s a rather exhaustive list. It should suffice.

FILED UNDER: 2004 Election, The Presidency, , , , , , , , ,
James Joyner
About James Joyner
James Joyner is Professor and Department Head of Security Studies at Marine Corps University's Command and Staff College. He's a former Army officer and Desert Storm veteran. Views expressed here are his own. Follow James on Twitter @DrJJoyner.


  1. dw says:

    But the thing is, Dubya is an underrated debater. Even when Gore won last time, Dubya came away with strategic gains. The reason is Bush is very good at staying on-script, and that’s what the moderater-driven debates really are. You know what the question is and you know how to answer it. It’s a larger version of Lincoln-Douglas debating.

    These town hall style debates, though, are classic extemporaneous debates. Even if the questions are idiotic, they’re not scripted. Dubya’s biggest weakness in debates is his inability to handle the hard, unscripted question. It also has the potential for a huge payoff for him.

    Yes, maybe it’s a good idea for him to duck this style of debate, but if he does, he looks like a chicken afraid of what ordinary Missourians might ask him. I don’t think he has a choice but to go through with it. If he can keep a level head and answer truthfully, he’ll fend off Kerry. Besides, Kerry could stumble, too.

  2. Bush has virtually nothing to gain


    But isn’t the point of a debate to let the people see where the candidate stands? I don’t think Bush should agree to every debate. That would be nonsensical.

    But it is very “political” to say he shouldn’t debate because he has “nothing to gain.” Again, the debates aren’t “for him.”

    You could say that people could know where the candidate stands just by reading the news or the candidate’s Web site. But I don’t think anyone would say it is a bad idea for two candidates to go head to head in a forum.

    I also agree that some of the questions that come out of a community forum are ridiculous to the extreme. But to refuse to do them is probably more politically bad than to accept them.

    Like Kerry said, “Bush has won every debate he’s ever had.”

    You make a good point though:

    But presidents make decisions in the deliberative privacy of the Oval Office, surrounded by advisors, and at their own pace. The ability to memorize clever gotcha lines and insert them at the proper time in the debate is handy preparation for, well, other debates.

    Still, not a good reason not to have debates when people want to see them.

  3. vdibart says:

    I think most of this grossly misses the point. This is a long-standing Rove tactic. He did it with Gore, and apparently no one’s going to call him out on it this time. It goes like this:

    1) resist debate format, schedule, etc.
    2) give the impression you’re afraid to debate
    3) then begin talking up the opponent’s debate skills (Rove I think is quotes as saying Gore was one of the elite debaters in American history, a ridiculous claim).

    Then the payoff comes – there’s little or no way W can dissappoint because expectations of his performance have been so thoroughly lowered. Kerry would have to truly bury him just to make it seem like he made any headway, whereas W. would just have to hold his own to come out looking like a rock star.

    Don’t fall for it. There will be a 3rd debate.

  4. BOb says:

    in short w is an idiot who has so much to hise and so much to run from he wouldn’t be caught dead inside a room full of common folk asking real un editied questions about his record and his future plans for a country that is in such a mess