Germany Considering Ban of Far-Right AfD

Apparently, Making Germany Great Again is controversial.

BBC (“AfD: Germans float ban on elected far-right party after scandal“):

Germany is wrestling with a potentially explosive debate over whether to ban the far-right party Alternative for Germany, or AfD.

Germans have been shocked by revelations that senior figures attended a meeting where mass deportations were allegedly discussed.

A growing backlash has sparked large protests and public condemnation.

The AfD, which continues to poll second nationally, says it’s being scandalously smeared by opponents.

“Panic is spreading. We can smell your fear,” AfD MP Bernd Baumann declared this week, addressing politicians from the ruling coalition parties.

It was investigative outlet Correctiv that released a bombshell report about a “secret” meeting at a hotel near Berlin in November involving around 20 people – including senior AfD figures and neo-Nazi influencers.

At least two members of the centre-right Christian Democrats (CDU), the party of former Chancellor Angela Merkel, were also said to be present – claims being “examined” by party officials.

Discussion allegedly focused on so-called “remigration” – the removal of millions of asylum seekers, “non-assimilated” people and those with “non-German” backgrounds, even if they hold residency rights and citizenship.

Since its release, the report has sparked large anti-AfD rallies including in Berlin, Cologne and Hamburg, and more are due to take place this weekend.

At least 50,000 people turned out in the centre of Hamburg on Friday to hear centre-left Mayor Peter Tschentscher deliver a message to the AfD: “We are united and determined not to let our country and democracy be destroyed for the second time since 1945.”

Many at the protest voiced shock at the deportation plan and concern at the strength of the AfD.

“I feel threatened and I am already making plans to get out of Germany. I don’t feel comfortable here any more,” said one German citizen whose family comes from Latin America.

Chancellor Olaf Scholz has expressed gratitude for the “tens of thousands” of protesters, warning that any expulsion plan amounted to “an attack against our democracy and in turn on all of us”.

The AfD leadership’s response has been one of combative rebuttals mixed with efforts to distance itself from the controversy. It was a private, rather than secret, meeting and it wasn’t organised by the party, they insist.

“Of course everyone who has German citizenship is part of our people,” said Alice Weidel, the AfD’s co-leader and its most recognisable face.

“That’s exactly why the German passport shouldn’t be flogged to just anybody.”

I haven’t followed German politics closely enough lately to have a strong opinion on AfD. But the story interests me in several ways.

Most obviously, the idea that holding secret/private meetings in which the idea that unassimilated migrants should be expelled is so horrifying that tens of thousands of people would show up to protest is somewhat amusing. Prominent American politicians, including the leader of the Republican Party, openly say that kind of thing in front of cheering crowds on a fairly regular basis.

Then again, the particulars are on the extreme side even by Trumpian standards:

Austrian far-right activist Martin Sellner, who has previously been barred from the UK, is alleged to have presented the mass deportation “masterplan”.

It reportedly included details of moving people to a “model state” in North Africa that could provide space for up to two million people.

Let’s call it Liberia.

That it would be cause for a political party to be banned is also strange from an American perspective because of the steadfastness of our First Amendment free speech rights. In many other Western democracies that most of us consider quite free, however, there are more restraints on speech that authorities deem “dangerous.” And, rather understandably, Germany’s Nazi past has resulted in certain topics being taboo, even illegal.

Even so, talk of banning AfD probably goes too far.

But there’s scepticism amongst both lawyers and politicians.

“A ban makes no sense,” said Dr Horst Meier, a constitutional lawyer who believes it would be legally possible but ill-advised.

“The competition between parties needs to happen on the political stage, not in court,” he told the BBC.

The German constitution says that parties that seek to undermine or abolish the “free democratic basic order” should be deemed unconstitutional.

Two groups were dissolved in 1950s West Germany: the ultra-right Socialist Reich Party and the Communist KPD, but later cases, against the neo-Nazi NPD, failed.

In 2003 judges found that infiltration of the NPD by German security services had muddied the waters, while in 2017 the movement was deemed too insignificant.

German Vice Chancellor Robert Habeck accused the AfD this week of wanting to turn Germany into a Russian-style autocratic state, in comments seen by some as tacit support for a ban.

But speaking to Stern magazine, he acknowledged a failed attempt would cause “massive” damage.

Also sounding a cautious note was Thorsten Frei, an MP from the CDU: “We have to ask ourselves a different question.”

Finally, this is just further evidence of the rise of far-right, nationalist parties throughout the West.

“If a party like the AfD polls so high there must be reasons. There’s no point in insulting voters,” he said.

Alternative für Deutschland has been enjoying record success in the polls in a significant election year, placing second behind the CDU and ahead of all three coalition parties; the Social Democrats, Greens and Free Democrats.

Their rise coincides with dissatisfaction among voters with the divided government, as well as policy issues such as the cost of living and levels of immigration.

The AfD is hoping to make big gains in the European Parliament elections in June and could even emerge as the strongest party in next September’s votes in the three eastern states of Thuringia, Saxony and Brandenburg.

Any pursuit of a ban would present serious political dangers as well as legal obstacles.

Yet Germany’s Interior Minister, Nancy Faeser, promised to “use all instruments available” to defend democracy.

The AfD denies racism, but is already under surveillance and has been classified by domestic intelligence as a right-wing extremist organisation in Saxony, Thuringia and the neighbouring state of Saxony-Anhalt.

First Amendment concerns would make that level of state scrutiny of a political party all but impossible here.* But, again, Germany is a special case.

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*There are certainly historical antecedents, going as far back as the Alien and Sedition Acts and at least as recently as J. Edgar Hoover’s FBI. But our sensibilities on this front have changed radically in recent decades.

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James Joyner
About James Joyner
James Joyner is Professor and Department Head of Security Studies at Marine Corps University's Command and Staff College. He's a former Army officer and Desert Storm veteran. Views expressed here are his own. Follow James on Twitter @DrJJoyner.

Comments

  1. Three initial thoughts.

    1. Banning the AfD strikes me initially as unlikely, but while I pay some attention to Germany, I am not an expert on their politics. I want to say that there are post-Nazi legal provisions that may make this possible.

    2. Imagine if Germany had a binary party system wherein the far-right elements of the AfD had been in a position to take significant control of the CDU/CSU (or to win enough seats that the CDU/CSU felt the need to accommodate them in the Bundestag).

    (The CDU/CSU is the major center-right party that for the sake of brevity operates under two labels regionally).

    3. It should be sobering that things our politicians do in public are considered a shameful warning in Germany when done in secret.

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  2. Moosebreath says:

    “Austrian far-right activist Martin Sellner, who has previously been barred from the UK, is alleged to have presented the mass deportation “masterplan”.

    It reportedly included details of moving people to a “model state” in North Africa that could provide space for up to two million people.”

    Not sure why that would get him banned from the UK, when the current government has floated plans to relocate asylum seekers to Rwanda.

    “*There are certainly historical antecedents, going as far back as the Alien and Sedition Acts and at least as recently as J. Edgar Hoover’s FBI. But our sensibilities on this front have changed radically in recent decades.”

    True, but returning to the J. Edgar Hoover FBI era is part of what Trump’s audience is thinking when he promises to Make America Great Again.

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  3. James Joyner says:

    @Steven L. Taylor: Indeed all around.

    @Moosebreath: I think figuring out how to deal with an avalanche of migrants trying to claim asylum status is a wildly different than deporting legal residents, much less citizens.

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  4. Andy says:

    My brother has lived in Germany for over 30 years now, I’ll have to ask him about this.

    Fundamentally though, banning a party doesn’t get rid of the people who support the party and its ideas. If there is real political strength there, then a new party or parties will form.

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  5. JKB says:

    But, again, Germany is a special case.

    Indeed. The German professors spent 70+ years inculcating what came to be known as Nazism in their students and the wider population. It’s only been 80 years since their acolytes were defeated. And the Western universities welcomed those professors who preferred the Soviet flavor of socialism with open arms so they could start again. Hmm, we are just at 70+ years since then. We are at another inflection point where the flavor of socialism to be imposed is on the knife edge.

    For more than seventy years the German professors of political science, history, law, geography and philosophy eagerly imbued their disciples with a hysterical hatred of capitalism, and preached the war of “liberation” against the capitalistic West. The German “socialists of the chair,” much admired in all foreign countries, were the pacemakers of the two World Wars. At the turn of the century the immense majority of the Germans were already radical supporters of socialism and aggressive nationalism. They were then already firmly committed to the principles of Nazism. What was lacking and was added later was only a new term to signify their doctrine.

    When the Soviet policies of mass extermination of all dissenters and of ruthless violence removed the inhibitions against wholesale murder, which still troubled some of the Germans, nothing could any longer stop the advance of Nazism.
    –von Mises, Ludwig (1947). Planned Chaos

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  6. Barry says:

    “Let’s call it Liberia.”
    Let’s call it Auschwitz.

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  7. Michael Reynolds says:

    @JKB:
    So, you took that one college level class, fell in love with von Mises because he was telling you what you wanted to believe, then shut your brain down permanently.

    I am the first to admit that I’m a mile wide and an inch deep. You beat that for superficiality by being an inch wide and inch deep. You are so devoid of learning that you don’t even realize how clearly you broadcast your shallowness. Jesus, dude, I have a tenth grade education. Tenth grade in Iowa, FFS, where I skipped half the classes, and you make me look like a scholar.

    At least try to fake it better. It’s just so cringe watching you try to pass yourself off as deep. It’s uncomfortable and I start feeling pity for you, and you’re just too much of a POS for me to want to feel sorry for you. So, do this: look up Saint von Mises in Wikipedia, then just start following links. You can find other people to tell you the same horseshit, you don’t have to source all your dung to one old guy.

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  8. Stormy Dragon says:

    First Amendment concerns would make that level of state scrutiny of a [right wing] political party all but impossible here.

    Our state scrutinizes left wing political parties all the time.

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