State Court Judge Strikes Down Florida’s Ban On Same-Sex Marriage

A state court Judge in Florida has become the latest jurist to strike down a state’s ban on same-sex marriage:

In a decision some called “the beginning of the end” of Florida’s ban on gay marriage, a Monroe County judge ruled Thursday that two Key West bartenders and other gay couples must be allowed to marry.

Monroe County Chief Circuit Judge Luis M. Garcia ordered the county clerk’s office to begin issuing marriage licenses to gay couples as early as Tuesday morning. In doing so, he sided with Aaron Huntsman and William Lee Jones, who argued that the ban on same-sex marriage in the Florida Constitution violated their rights under the U.S. Constitution.

“The court is aware that the majority of voters oppose same-sex marriage, but it is our country’s proud history to protect the rights of the individual, the rights of the unpopular and rights of the powerless, even at the cost of offending the majority,” Garcia wrote in his opinion.

Though Garcia’s order applies only to Monroe County, it would allow same-sex couples from around the state to flock to the Keys to get married. Florida Attorney General Pam Bondi, however, quickly filed a notice of appeal Thursday, putting Garcia’s ruling on hold and leaving open the possibility that nothing will change next week unless Garcia forces the issue with further action.

“With many similar cases pending throughout the entire country, finality on this constitutional issue must come from the U.S. Supreme Court,” Bondi said in a statement.

Despite the uncertainty, Garcia’s ruling set off both a wave of celebration from Key West to Tallahassee and vows from conservative Christian groups to protect Florida’s definition of marriage as being between one man and one woman. Meanwhile, Democrats hoped to capitalize on the ruling, with the state party chairwoman declaring Thursday that “love wins.”

Huntsman and Jones, who met at a gay pride celebration and have been a couple for 11 years, told the Miami Herald they were “ecstatic.” The couple sued the Monroe County Clerk in April for a marriage license, and said the wait felt like forever.

“I can’t believe it finally happened,” said Jones. “Love is love. It doesn’t matter if it’s a guy and woman or two women or two men. Love is love.”

The couple celebrated Thursday night at Duval Street’s Aqua Nightclub, where they wore rainbow sashes and held hands on a stage. A small crowd cheered and whistled — and then booed when it was announced that Bondi was appealing the ruling.

In Tallahassee, dozens gathered outside of the historic Capitol building and waved rainbow flags and signs adorned with hearts. There was no music, but some attendees were so happy that they danced.

“It’s hard to put into words,” said Amanda James, who cried when she heard the news. “I feel free now. It’s like, I’m a real person. For the first time, I have the same rights as everybody else.”

In Miami Beach, Stratton Pollitzer, the deputy director of Equality Florida, which organized many of the celebrations, said the organization had fielded thousands of phone calls and messages with the same question: “Can I get married?”

Conservatives say they will do everything they can to make sure the answer remains a resounding “no,” and blasted Garcia’s ruling Thursday as another overreach by an activist judge.

Anthony Verdugo, executive director of the Christian Family Coalition of Florida, called the ruling a “corrupt decision,” and a “judicial lynching of nearly 8 million Florida voters” who voted to ban same-sex marriage in 2008.

John Stemberger, who led that 2008 campaign, said he would keep fighting.

“This is an issue worth dying for,” said Stemberger, president and general counsel of the Florida Family Policy Council in Orlando. “Every domestic partnership, every single civil union, every couple that cohabitates, these arrangements dilute and devalue marriage.”

Stemberger said he wasn’t “daunted” by Garcia’s ruling, nor was he surprised.

“The court was very hostile to our position,” he said. “This is a very sad day for Floridians. This is an entirely illegitimate process. The judge had no legal authority in this decision.”

This is not the only case pending in Florida on this issue:

The Monroe County ruling is just one front in the fight over the state’s gay marriage ban. Another case is pending in Tallahassee. And yet another is awaiting a ruling in Miami-Dade County, where six same-sex couples and the LGBT advocacy group Equality Florida Institute sued County Clerk Harvey Ruvin for the right to marry.

In both the Monroe and Dade cases, Florida Assistant Attorney General Adam Tanenbaum argued that the judges should not dismiss Florida’s constitutional gay marriage ban, which passed with the support of 62 percent of voters. The state, citing a 1972 U.S. Supreme Court ruling, contended that the definition of marriage belongs exclusively to the state and is exempt from federal scrutiny.

But in his ruling Thursday, Garcia rejected the state’s position, saying changes in society and case law have made same-sex marriage a federal question. “This court concludes that a citizen’s right to marry is a fundamental right that belongs to the individual,” he wrote.

In Miami-Dade, Judge Sarah Zabel has yet to rule on whether to allow the plaintiffs to wed or go to trial. The couples are Catherina Pareto and Karla Arguello of Coconut Grove; Dr. Juan Carlos Rodriguez and David Price of Davie; Vanessa and Melanie Alenier of Hollywood; Todd and Jeff Delmay of Hollywood; Summer Greene and Pamela Faerber of Plantation, and Don Price Johnston and Jorge Isaias Diaz of Miami.

The Miami-Dade plaintiffs’ attorney, Elizabeth Schwartz, said she is filing Garcia’s decision with Zabel so that she can consider the opinion. She called the ruling “another nail in the coffin of Florida’s unfair marriage ban.”

“We are hopeful we will see a similar ruling by Zabel very soon,” said Schwartz.

As with many of the trial court rulings that are coming out now on this issue, there’s nothing particularly surprising about Judge Garcia’s ruling here. What will be interesting to watch will be the extent to which his ruling influences the other cases pending in the state. Before long, we could see another large American state joining those that have legalized same-sex marriage.

Here’s the opinion:

Hunstman Et Al v. Heavilin and Florida Et Al by Doug Mataconis

FILED UNDER: Law and the Courts, , , , , ,
Doug Mataconis
About Doug Mataconis
Doug Mataconis held a B.A. in Political Science from Rutgers University and J.D. from George Mason University School of Law. He joined the staff of OTB in May 2010 and contributed a staggering 16,483 posts before his retirement in January 2020. He passed far too young in July 2021.


  1. DrDaveT says:

    Anthony Verdugo, executive director of the Christian Family Coalition of Florida, called the ruling a “corrupt decision,” and a “judicial lynching of nearly 8 million Florida voters”

    What a fascinating choice of terms.

  2. jd says:

    Down here in Florida, as a father of a gay son, I’m smiling from ear to ear. The Attorney General has her finger in the dike (so to speak), but she’s going to run out of fingers soon.

  3. James in Silverdale, WA says:

    ““The court was very hostile to our position,” he said. “This is a very sad day for Floridians. This is an entirely illegitimate process. The judge had no legal authority in this decision.”

    Except opponents have yet to score a victory in any court other than a temporary stay. The process only seems to be illegitimate when opponents lose their cases. What is astounding is after decades if not centuries of yelling NO! the word seems to have lost all meaning with opponents of marriage equality. They have been given no other message.