The Day Five Air Force Officers Stood Underneath An Exploding Nuclear Bomb

An absolutely fascinating story from NPR about something that seems to be completely insane:

On July 19, 1957, five Air Force officers and one photographer stood together on a patch of ground about 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas. They’d marked the spot “Ground Zero. Population 5” on a hand-lettered sign hammered into the soft ground right next to them.

As we watch, directly overhead, two F-89 jets roar into view, and one of them shoots off a nuclear missile carrying an atomic warhead.

They wait. There is a countdown; 18,500 feet above them, the missile is detonated and blows up. Which means, these men intentionally stood directly underneath an exploding 2-kiloton nuclear bomb. One of them, at the key moment (he’s wearing sunglasses), looks up.

Who would do this you might ask, and voluntarily no less? The United States Government:

This footage comes from our government’s archives. It was shot by the U.S. Air Force (at the behest of Col. Arthur B. “Barney” Oldfield, public information officer for the Continental Air Defense Command in Colorado Springs) to demonstrate the relative safety of a low-grade nuclear exchange in the atmosphere. Two colonels, two majors and a fifth officer agreed to stand right below the blast. Only the cameraman, George Yoshitake, didn’t volunteer.

The country was just beginning to worry about nuclear fallout, and the Air Force wanted to reassure people that it was OK to use atomic weapons to counter similar weapons being developed in Russia. (They didn’t win this argument.)

Now it’s worth noting that this was a relatively low-yield weapon that was used in the test. At 2 Kilotons its yield was smaller than both Little Boy and Fat Man, the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. It was also much, much less powerful than the megaton-size blasts produced by a Thermonuclear (Hydrogen) Bomb. Nonetheless it’s a bizarre and and amazing story, and the video of that day is fascinating to watch:

By comparison here’s video of a 1953 test of a Thermonuclear bomb, what’s most notable here is the sound of the explosion, which reaches the camera after we’ve already seen the blast (because light travels faster than sound obviously):

Hopefully, a sound no human being will ever actually have to hear for real.

H/T: Ann Althouse

Photo via NPR

FILED UNDER: National Security, Quick Takes
Doug Mataconis
About Doug Mataconis
Doug holds a B.A. in Political Science from Rutgers University and J.D. from George Mason University School of Law. He joined the staff of OTB in May 2010. Before joining OTB, he wrote at Below The BeltwayThe Liberty Papers, and United Liberty Follow Doug on Twitter | Facebook

Comments

  1. Anderson says:

    And these guys died of … ?

  2. Moosebreath says:

    And in what year…? I any of them are still alive 55 years later, it would be impressive.

  3. People used to be so skinny.

  4. Franklin says:

    It’s curious that the photographer wasn’t actually a volunteer, and that his surname was Japanese.

  5. Lib Cap says:

    … idiots.

    Maybe they should have checked the capability of newly developed rifles by standing in the way of the fired bullets.

  6. Neil Hudelson says:

    My memory of this particular event is a bit foggy, since I saw the documentary in high school, but I remember a case of a group of privates who ‘volunteered’ to be present in a fake town as a nuclear bomb was detonated a few (dozen?) miles away–in order to see how troops would react physically and psychologically during a near-detonation.

    Most of those soldiers died very early (40s and 50s) of all sorts of cancer…

    Wish I could find that documentary again.

  7. Dazedandconfused says:

    As a lot of old solders will tell ya, “Never volunteer for anything.”

  8. Richard Gardner says:

    The linked NPR article has an update on the men’s status, and a discussion of how much danger they were in. The photographer is still alive, and Col Bruce died in 2005, age 86.

  9. superdestroyer says:

    @Neil Hudelson:

    The building were part of the Atomic Energy Commission’s civil defense research and the military actually had little to do with them. However, the U.S. Army had a large number of exercise (Exercise Desert Rock) where U.S. service members watched the shot from trenches relatively close to ground zero or from observation areas farther away. One of the odder exercises was having an armor task force move toward ground zero after detonation (Task Force Razor).

    As far as veteran’s being injured, epidemiologist had to correct for such a healthy group that atomic veterans were compared to the general population.