Young Blacks Souring on Biden?

A credulous report strings together some anedotes and dubious polling.

NBC News (“Rep. Jim Clyburn helped Biden win young Black voters in 2020. This time, they’re not listening.“):

Rep. Jim Clyburn was preaching to the choir, in every sense.

Clyburn was the guest speaker at a Black church here on a recent Sunday, telling the audience that a certain candidate for high office deserves to lose. He didn’t mention Donald Trump by name, but it was clear whom he meant.

The Democratic congressman from South Carolina rattled off a list of ways Trump has insulted Black Americans over the years. Sitting in the pews, the largely middle-aged and older congregants applauded the message. The trouble for Clyburn, 83, is that the people he most needs to hear him weren’t the ones listening.

The next day, Clyburn cast an early vote for President Joe Biden in South Carolina’s Democratic primary. He held a news conference afterward and laid out the stakes.

“Do you want this country to be led by someone who time and time again demonstrates misogynistic tendencies and racist attitudes?” he said, standing outside the polling place on a blustery morning in Orangeburg. “Is that what you want?”

My initial reaction to the headline was to roll my eyes while simultaneously yawning, an impressive feat. To the extent Clyburn was a difference-maker in 2020, it was in a crowded Democratic primary. This go-round, Biden is essentially unopposed and I therefore confidently predict he’ll win.

But this far into the piece, I had another reaction: it’s concerning, indeed, when a sitting President three-quarters of the way through his first term rests his entire campaign strategy on attacking the other guy. And that’s doubly true when it’s his surrogates doing it. While recognizing that Trump is a uniquely polarizing candidate—and a quasi-incumbent in his own right—one would think Clyburn would be touting Biden’s achievements, not merely pointing to the scary orange guy.

Without Clyburn, there might never have been a Biden presidency. In 2020, his endorsement revived Biden’s flailing campaign. Clyburn cemented Biden’s status as the favorite of Black voters, helping him win the South Carolina primary and vaulting him to the party nomination.

Now, polling shows that young Black voters are peeling away from Biden in numbers that worry Democratic officials. Clyburn, for his part, sounds indignant.

Just compare Biden’s history to Trump’s, he says. Trump has demeaned Black Americans for decades, he adds, while Biden has compiled a record rivaling that of Lyndon Johnson’s “Great Society.”

Of young Black voters who’ve grown disenchanted with Biden, Clyburn said: “I want them to stand in front of me and tell me they will support that [Trump’s record] over Joe Biden’s record.”

So that’s better. I’m not sure two massive spending packages are comparable to the Great Society. Or that young voters know who Lyndon Johnson was and are familiar with that slogan. But Biden has been able to get quite a lot done considering the constraints of our current situation.

NBC News polling in 2023 found that Black voters overall favored Biden over Trump by 73% to 17%. But when it came to voters under the age of 34, the margin shrank. Among that slice of the Black electorate, Biden’s support fell to 60%; Trump’s rose to 28%. In 2020, Biden won 87% of Black voters, including 89% of Black voters under 29 and 78% of those 30 to 44.

Any slippage from Biden’s base could prove disastrous in another tight election. In 2020, Biden’s victory rested on fewer than 43,000 votes in just three states: Arizona, Georgia and Wisconsin.

While any demographic is important in a tight election, I’m not sure how impactful the under-34 Black cohort will be in Arizona (5.5% Black) or Wisconsin (6.6%). Georgia (33%) is, of course, another matter entirely. Regardless, I’m skeptical that nearly a third of them are going to actually vote for Trump. And even more skeptical that they would have listened to an old man from South Carolina four years ago, either.

Clyburn is giving speeches and interviews warning Black voters of what it means if they forsake Biden and allow Trump to reclaim power.

He starts by reminding voters of Trump’s condemnation in 1989 of the Central Park Five — the minority teenagers who were wrongly convicted of raping a woman who had been jogging in Central Park.

Again, this isn’t a reminder. Anyone under the age of 34 wasn’t born yet in 1989. Indeed, most under 40 know it as the birth year of a certain Kansas City Chiefs enthusiast. No wonder he’s not resonating with them.

Then came Trump’s role in the “birther” conspiracy that falsely questioned Barack Obama’s U.S. citizenship. From there, Clyburn cites Trump’s false claim that a Black female poll worker in Georgia in 2020 was a “hustler” and a “professional vote scammer.”

Some recent examples! Good! But, again, I’m not sure this is going to convince anyone to vote for Biden.

“I just hope that in 2024 we are not going to find ourselves as a country falling into what Germany fell into in 1932,” he added, referring to the period when the Nazis came to power.

Nazis are at least an old reference with staying power.

Clyburn’s argument rests on a simple premise: Young Black voters need to appreciate that the 2024 election is a choice that leaves them no practical option other than to vote for Biden.

So, I think young Black voters understand this quite well and will, in the end, overwhelmingly do so. But young voters of any race are the least likely to be satisfied with being left with “no practical option” other than vote for someone for whom they’re unenthusiastic. It takes years of disappointment to achieve that level of resignation.

No president has produced a better record since Johnson enacted his civil rights and anti-poverty programs in the 1960s, he says.

I’m skeptical that this is true. But people aren’t going to be persuaded by mere assertion and repetition.

Yet that’s not necessarily how Gen Z and the youngest millennials see things. Many are hungry for candidates apart from the two geriatrics marching toward a face-off in November. Neither Biden’s message nor the messengers are proving all that compelling, some said in interviews.

When it comes to politics, young voters aren’t taking cues from long-standing institutions and party leaders, a former Biden administration official said, speaking on condition of anonymity to discuss frankly some of the president’s electoral vulnerabilities. They’re instead looking to people “in the culture”: social media influencers, grassroots leaders and urban radio. Black voters “are not going to be a rubber stamp for the party,” this person added.

One hopes they look beyond Kanye West, Charlamagne tha God, and Snoop Dogg.

Interviews with students at two historically Black colleges in Orangeburg — South Carolina State and Claflin universities — reveal a glaring generation gap: a chasm separating what the students say is important to their lives and what older officials believe ought to be important.

Biden wants to talk about broadband; the students want to talk about civilian deaths in the Gaza Strip.

In fairness, college students already have broadband and likely can’t imagine a future without it. At the same time, I suspect they’re uniquely focused on things like the war in Gaza because they’re in school.

Democrats tout a road-widening project along Interstate 26 in Columbia underwritten by Biden’s infrastructure program; the students are focused on “food deserts” that contribute to diabetes and obesity. 

“In our neighborhoods, we have gas stations, fast-food restaurants and liquor stores. We don’t have access to the same food,” said Tierra Albert, a 19-year-old sophomore at Claflin. (“I don’t want to vote for either one,” she said of the presidential contest.)

Asked if they believe elected officials are addressing such issues, a chorus of voices filled a campus conference room: “No.”

To the extent they’re truly concerned about “food deserts,” they should probably focus their efforts on local officials. I’m not sure what it is that Biden is supposed to do about the distribution of supermarkets. Then again, irrational expectations for the Presidency are hardly confined to Black college students.

Some of the students objected to what they saw as a transactional mentality underpinning Biden’s case for re-election: goodies in return for votes.

Christian Nathaniel, an 18-year-old Claflin student, was among those whose home was wired for broadband last year.

“You’re doing these things as a last-ditch chance to beat Trump and get over it a little bit,” said Nathaniel, who wants to be a doctor and eventually run for elective office. “‘Now you’ve got internet, so hopefully you can give me a vote.'” He said he plans to vote for Biden, albeit reluctantly.

“This is my first time voting and this is very discouraging to the young Black voter,” he said, adding that he is not “confident in either of the choices.”

“We’re picking the lesser of two evils,” Nathaniel said.

Welcome to the club, kid.

I suppose he has a point about transactional politics, which has been a part of the Democratic Party’s message to Black voters going back to the New Deal. But there are actually solid public policy reasons for ensuring that underserved localities (which, frankly, are more widespread in rural areas that will never vote for Biden than in poor urban neighborhoods) have adequate infrastructure. And, while the timing of the installation in the Nathaniel residence might appear timed for the election, it’s not like Biden has a magic wand. It takes a long time to pass legislation and then turn spending programs into things like cable installation.

If only young voters knew more about what Biden has done to erase billions in student loan debt, for example, they’d feel differently, the president’s allies contend.

In an interview before the church service, Clyburn summoned one of his security aides, a Black man in his 40s, who described his delight in getting a letter telling him that his and his wife’s student loan debt totaling hundreds of thousands of dollars had been wiped off the books courtesy of Biden’s forgiveness program.

More of those letters will be going out before the election. At a fundraising event in Columbia on Saturday, Biden said that 25,000 people a month would be getting letters from him saying they’d be getting relief from student loans.

While I mostly oppose this policy, I understand its possibility as a selling point.

Yet some of the students are unmoved. The war in Gaza and Biden’s inability to rein in the Israeli military is a bigger concern. Biden could do more to address urgent needs at home if he redirected the money going toward Israel’s bombardment of Gaza, some said.

This is borderline moronic but, again, we’re talking to teenagers.

“As Black voters, we have the ability to empathize with the people of Gaza because we have a history of oppression,” said Olivia Ratliff, a 20-year-old sophomore at South Carolina State, Clyburn’s alma mater. “It’s really hard for our president and our lawmakers to understand that because they’ve never been in a situation where they’ve been oppressed like the people of Gaza have.”

I mean, neither has a 20-year-old American. But okay.

Democrats are fanning out in hopes of swaying young hearts and minds. Vice President Kamala Harris turned up at a University of South Carolina women’s basketball team practice earlier this month and exchanged high-fives with the players.

Starting in the 2022 midterm election season, the Democratic National Committee has been making millions of calls and texts to Black voters and spent “seven figures” on paid media directed at Black communities, the Biden campaign said in a statement.

I don’t know the ad rates for Black media outlets but I can’t help but read “seven figures” in a Dr. Evil voice. Trump has accumulated more than that in legal bills this week.

“I’m concerned that with this wall out there, the MAGA wall, what are we going to do to penetrate that wall?” Clyburn said. “I just think that if you’ve got all this information, you’ve got to figure out how to smash through that wall. And I think we’ve got it figured out. I think we’re beginning to smash through it.”

The MAGA wall is pretty small. But, as we’ve noted for the last 21 years here, there are very few states whose Electoral votes aren’t already decided. Only seven were remotely competitive in 2020 and many claim that 2024 could come down to four states.

Ginning up excitement isn’t so easy, though. Jaime Harrison, a Black South Carolinian who chairs the Democratic National Committee, turned up at a party breakfast in Spartanburg recently to rally support for Biden.

All went fine as the audience listened to his speech over a breakfast of grits and eggs. Then, when Harrison finished, 36-year-old Amia Harrison approached to say she was fed up with “voting blue no matter who.”

Harrison listened a bit and then turned away with a clipped, “I appreciate you.”

A 36-year-old isn’t under 34. But we’ve heard this refrain for years; it’s not just Biden. There’s long been a sense that the Democratic Party takes Black voters for granted and that’s increased as college-educated whites become a more central part of the coalition.

With Black voters overall, I’d think things like the stance on LGBTQ issues, and particular controversies of transgender inclusion, are more likely to drive them away than foreign policy issues like Gaza. But, presumably, young Blacks, like others of their generation, are much more liberal on social issues than their parents and grandparents.

Regardless, I just don’t see this huge tide of youngish Black voters turning out for Trump.

FILED UNDER: 2024 Election, Race and Politics, US Politics, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
James Joyner
About James Joyner
James Joyner is Professor and Department Head of Security Studies at Marine Corps University's Command and Staff College. He's a former Army officer and Desert Storm veteran. Views expressed here are his own. Follow James on Twitter @DrJJoyner.


  1. Tony W says:

    Yes, if there’s one thing young black folks want it’s Donald Trump back in power.

  2. JKB says:

    It’s a tough call because according to Joe Biden, if you don’t vote for him, “you ain’t black”. One misstep against the Democrat leaders and they remove your whole identity.

    And I’ve seen a number of reaction channels with black hosts reacting to Thomas Sowell’s books and videos. Learning the true history of slavery and also how the black family was far more intact and growing economically before the Great Society than it has been after. (See Thomas Sowell if you want to argue that point)

    An indicator of the aged candidates is the constant callbacks to events only the earliest Baby Boomers will remember. I just saw RFKjr saying he should be supported by Boomers as nostalgia for Camelot. Well, hate to tell him, anyone under the age of 70 has no memory of even the JFK or RFK assassinations, or for that matter the Great Society. That puts those born before 1954 as his target demographic.

    Saturday’s SC Dem primary will be interesting, not in that Biden will “win” but how many vote for Phillips, if only to send a message.

  3. DK says:


    One misstep against the Democrat leaders and they remove your whole identity.

    Plot twist: black people are the Democratic Party’s leaders. Biden was right and most blacks agree with him: they ain’t black if they support Trump — who launched his toxic political career with racist birther lies against the first black president, tweeted a White Power video on 28 June 2020, and who leads a party that cheers police brutality against blacks, bans black history, bans black books, and defends monuments to pro-slavery Confederate traitors.

    Thomas Sowell’s hilariously dumb claim that blacks were wealthier and better off in the years of segregation and Jim Crow is just one reason nobody but racists and segregationists listens to him.

    The media keeps claiming ‘these blacks or those Latinos’ are abandoning ‘this Democrat or that Democrat.’ In the 2019-2023 election cycles, Democrats have won just about the same share of black and Hispanic voters as is usual. Prof. Joyner is correct in 2024 is not likely to be an exception. But the press needs its clicks.

  4. DK says:


    Saturday’s SC Dem primary will be interesting, not in that Biden will “win” but how many vote for Phillips, if only to send a message.

    The South Carolina primaries will be interesting in that Biden will win a much larger share of his party’s vote than Trump will — just like New Hampshire.

    MAGA still won’t get the message about how unlikeable, wounded, and fatally flawed Trump is.

  5. DrDaveT says:

    I think this is a new record for thread hijack speed. Somebody find a medal for JKB.

  6. Franklin says:

    Huh, first I heard about this Snoop Dogg thing. But there’s yet another reminder: not all people in a demographic are the same. We’ve been talking here about why some people like Trump, for example that he’s a “strongman” (or at least an imbecile’s vision of one). Perhaps some young black men who were raised in a tough neighborhood appreciate that facade. Perhaps their older cohorts have enough experience to see through Trump’s bullshit.

    I’m not particularly worried about them. Like James, I’m not particularly impressed that these guys are our only choices, but it’s still a no-brainer.