Would Senate Republicans Really Block Any Supreme Court Nomination Hillary Clinton Makes?

Two Republican Senators are exchanging barbs over the idea that the GOP should block any attempt by Hillary Clinton to nominate anyone to the Supreme Court if she becomes President.

Supreme Court Issues Multiple Rulings

With polls continuing to show that Hillary Clinton is headed toward a likely victory on November 8th, Senate Republicans are debating how to handle future Supreme Court nominations, with some suggesting that the party may try to block any Clinton nomination to the high Court even if it means letting membership on the Court shrink ever further:

Senate Republicans are choosing sides ahead of a brutal conflict over how to handle the lingering Supreme Court vacancy, with Jeff Flake firing back Thursday at a suggestion by Ted Cruz that the party could indefinitely block any nominee from Hillary Clinton.

The internal GOP battle over what to do about Merrick Garland — President Barack Obama’s choice for the court — and any future Clinton nominee will dominate the lame duck session of Congress after the election. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) is holding the seat vacant for the next president — but Cruz has suggested that Republicans could continue to block Democrats from appointing a new nominee for much longer.

That’s a strategy that doesn’t sit well with Flake, a fiscal conservative from Arizona who’s shown deal-making tendencies since joining the Senate in 2013.

“You won’t be surprised, I do not agree. There’s a difference between what might be constitutional and what you could do politically and what you should do. And I think leaving a vacancy for up to four years is not why we’re here,” said Flake, who now believes Clinton is sure to defeat Donald Trump in 12 days. “It may be what becomes a litmus test if you’re a true conservative … Just to go on record, I won’t be part of that.”

Asked what level of support Cruz’s approach has in the 54-member Republican conference, Flake replied: “I think there are enough people here who do not see it as the Senate’s proper role to hold somebody indefinitely.”

Cruz has a long history of leading the charge for conservative causes, including a failed effort to gut Obamacare that instead produced a government shutdown in 2013. The Texas Republican made a move to reprise the same strategy to defund Planned Parenthood in 2015, and he tried to prevent the international takeover of an Internet domain registry last month, although both efforts came up short.

On Wednesday, speaking to reporters in Colorado, Cruz offered perhaps his boldest gambit yet by suggesting it’s in line with historical precedent for Republicans to keep the Supreme Court vacancy unfilled under a new president, despite the GOP’s vow that it would block a nominee only until after Obama leaves office.

“There is long historical precedent for a Supreme Court with fewer justices. Just recently Justice Breyer observed that the vacancy is not impacting the ability of the court to do its job,” Cruz said while campaigning for underdog Senate candidate Darryl Glenn, according to a transcript provided by his office. “For those of us who care passionately about the Constitution and Bill of Rights, who care about free speech and religious liberty and the Second Amendment, the best way to protect those rights is to win on Election Day so that we see strong conservatives nominated to the court, and maintain a Republican majority in the Senate to confirm those strong conservatives.”

Cruz’s position hasn’t been adopted by any other member of the Senate so far, so it’s unclear how much support he’d actually have if he led an effort that would effectively mean that she would be unable to get any Supreme Court nominee confirmed during the entire time she was President whether that lasted until 2021 or 2025. On some level, it seems just as absurd as the position he was taking in the summer of 2013 when he called for the government to be shut down unless the President agreed to “defund” the Affordable Care Act, a battle that he ultimately lost and which significantly harmed his reputation with his fellow Senate Republicans. It’s also worth noting that Cruz is still working to repair his relationship with many of the hard-right elements of the GOP base, which was damaged severely by his campaign against Donald Trump and his initial refusal to endorse Trump’s Presidential bid. Taking the position that he would block any nominee from a Clinton White House would certainly go a long way toward doing that even at this late date, and it would be something he can point to as a reason to re-elect him in the face of what many expect could be a strong primary challenge in 2018. In other words, a promise like this is in the self-interest of one Ted Cruz regardless of whether or not anyone else in the GOP Caucus goes along with him. As was the case with the government shut down, it may well turn out that several of Cruz’s fellow Republicans are unwilling to go along with his judicial anarchism.

At the same time, it’s worth noting that Cruz isn’t the only one speculating like this. John McCain, who is hardly as conservative a Senator has Cruz appeared to say exactly the same thing just a week ago before walking the comment back several steps to a more moderate position, and Ilya Shapiro, writing at the conservative blog The Federalist, endorsed the idea just a few days ago, arguing that it would be “it would be completely decent, honorable, and in keeping with the Senate’s constitutional duty to vote against essentially every judicial nominee she [Hillary Clinton] names.”

Shapiro doesn’t go into detail examining exactly what the implications of such a strategy would be, but it’s not hard to figure out. In the face of the prospect that the sitting President would be unable to name a successor, the current members of the Court are likely to decide that, at least for the short term, it would be better for the Court for them to stay in office rather than retiring. Of course, with two Justices in their early 80s (Kennedy and Ginsburg) and one in his late 70s (Breyer), that can’t last forever and it seems inevitable that at least one or more seats would open up during the next four to eight years regardless of whether it was voluntary or not. At that point, assuming Republicans still have control of the Senate, they would be faced with the prospect of either allowing the membership of the Court to shrink even further or confirming an appropriate, qualified nominee from the President regardless of the fact that she is a member of the opposing party. In past times, this would be a fairly innocuous idea. In today’s age of polarized politics, it seems as though it’s business as usual for people like Cruz.

As I said when Senator McCain hinted at this possibility, regardless of whether or not this is legal it strikes me as highly irresponsible. It’s one thing for the Senate to reject a particular nominee for any position for one reason or another. Among those reasons could be anything ranging from something in the nominee’s past that questions their fitness for the position to their ideology and the question of whether they would bring a proper perspective to the position they are nominated for. In some cases, such as Cabinet positions, I’ve long believed that the Senate should be deferential to a President in that they should be permitted to have whatever advisers they believe are qualified to carry out Administration policy. As long as the person nominated for such a position appears qualified and doesn’t have questionable items in their record, then holding up the nomination for no good reason seems improper. When the nomination deals with the Federal Judiciary, however, I don’t necessarily see the problem with the Senate taking the nominees ideology into account in deciding whether or not they should be confirmed. The Senate should not be a rubber stamp in such situations, but it also shouldn’t be a permanent block either. The fact that a Democratic President nominates someone who leans to the left to a judicial position, or that a Republican nominates someone who leans to the right, therefore should not be a block to their confirmation. Each nominee should be judged based on his or her own qualifications and positions, though, and the idea that no nominee that a President makes can be considered acceptable and that the Supreme Court should simply be allowed to function with fewer Justices than the law appears to mandate is an entirely irresponsible suggestion regardless of the fact that it is most likely entirely within the Senate’s discretion to act in such as an obstructionist manner.

FILED UNDER: 2016 Election, Congress, Law and the Courts, US Politics, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Doug Mataconis
About Doug Mataconis
Doug Mataconis held a B.A. in Political Science from Rutgers University and J.D. from George Mason University School of Law. He joined the staff of OTB in May 2010 and contributed a staggering 16,483 posts before his retirement in January 2020. He passed far too young in July 2021.


  1. legion says:

    What on earth makes you think they _wouldn’t_? Hell, I’d bet money the next Dem President will have to use recess appointments for everything down to Capitol Hill Dogcatcher.

  2. al-Ameda says:

    and Ilya Shapiro, writing at the conservative blog The Federalist, endorsed the idea just a few days ago, arguing that it would be “it would be completely decent, honorable, and in keeping with the Senate’s constitutional duty to vote against essentially every judicial nominee she [Hillary Clinton] names

    I finally understand that Hillary Clinton is to be considered to be a lame duck as soon as she is inaugurated in January 2017, and it really should be left up to the next Republican president to make subsequent nominations to the Supreme Court. This could be a problem as by 2024 there may be only 3 or 4 justices on the bench.

  3. Electroman says:

    @al-Ameda: Once we hit five, it’s “Game over, man” since six are required for a quorum.

  4. Pch101 says:

    The shutdown crowd will like this idea, while the less extreme Republicans won’t. It’s easy to sell obstruction to a group that thinks that anyone to the left of the Attila the Hun is an enemy of the state.

    I would expect the congressmen from deep red states to favor this, while the senators in the not-quite-so-red states will want to tone it down. But the latter group won’t fight very hard to oppose it, lest that makes them look like leftists, so the loudest Republican voices will be pushing for the boycott while the others will merely mention in passing that they would rather do something else.

    As one would expect, that would leave it to the Dems to provide the bulk of the vocal opposition. A GOP sans Trump is not going to be much different than it is now.

  5. Gustopher says:

    @al-Ameda: Hasn’t the Supreme Court ruled to limit the use of recess appointments?

    I expect that Republicans will block cabinet level nominations throughout the next administration, and that we will have a lot of departments being run by undersecretaries and other “just below confirmation” positions, serving as acting secretary. (Might make sense just to fill those positions with the people chosen for the cabinet level positions…)

    I don’t think the Republicans will be able to keep from voting on a Supreme Court nomination though, at least not for four years (well, three more years, before the new never-approve-in-a-year-divisible-by-four precedent kicks in). They will simply drag it out with amazingly long hearings, and lots of grandstanding.

  6. Gustopher says:

    @Gustopher: I meant to reply to legion. Competence is not my strong suit.

  7. MikeSJ says:

    I’d be curious as to what happens if the Supreme Court does drop to 5 members? If Hillary, despite the “deep bench” of Republicans, goes on to a second term I can easily see this happening.

    I wouldn’t put anything past the Cruz wing of the party – they care nothing for country, only caring how their antics benefit themselves in the short term.

  8. Argon says:

    “Would Senate Republicans Really Block Any Supreme Court Nomination Hillary Clinton Makes?”

    Yes, it’s critical we wait until we know the will of the people in the 2020 election… or 2024, 2028…

  9. Slugger says:

    Did McCain “hint” that Republican senators would proudly fail to do their duty to the country, or did he proudly proclaim it?
    I consider total stonewalling to not be the same as “advise and consent.”

  10. legion says:

    @Gustopher: Frankly, I’m hoping the GOP is so fractured in the aftermath of Trump Uber Alles that they can’t get enough of a voting bloc to order lunch, much less filibuster things.

  11. stonetools says:

    Its a as certain as can be that Senate Republicans will block a fifth liberal on the Supreme Court, if they have any power to do so, norms be d@mned. It’s why it’s a necessity that the Democrats regain the Senate majority. If they don’t, we’ll see a constitutional crisis.
    This is a hill the Republicans are prepared to die on, folks.The Republican leaders, intellectuals and base are all on the same page on this.
    Vote accordingly.

  12. SKI says:

    At some point, we have to be clear what is going on here, there is a large segment of the Republican Party that has put that party over country.

  13. dxq says:

    SKI, the american conservative is a beast of low morals and even lower integrity.

  14. rachel says:

    John McCain, who is hardly as conservative a Senator has [sic?] Cruz…

    What does ‘conservative’ even mean any more?