Dozens Of Trump White House Employees Lack Final Security Clearances

More than a year into the Trump Presidency, dozens of White House personnel lack proper security clearances.

In addition to casting light on the manner in which President Trump and his Administration deal with accusations of inappropriate behavior  toward women, especially when it concerns accusations against the President, the people around him, or people who support his agenda, the Rob Porter scandal has also brought to the forefront some serious questions about security clearances  in the Trump White House. As I noted in my post on Friday, Porter served as the White House Staff Secretary, a position with a titles that understates its performance because it meant that he saw nearly every piece of paper that would eventually make its way to the President, Porter had spent more than a year on the job without a full security clearance. The main reason for this was the fact that the background investigation conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation had uncovered the allegations of spousal abuse by Porter’s two former wives, allegations of abuse by a third woman to whom he wasn’t married, and the fact that there was an outstanding Protective Order against him. As a result, Porter had been working for the past year under an interim security clearance, and there have been reports in the wake of his departure from the White House that his application for a full security clearance was going to be denied.

Now, CNN is reporting that there dozens of White House employees who do not have full and final clearances, including people in positions where they have access to some of the most sensitive and classified information in the government:

Thirty to 40 White House officials and administration political appointees are still operating without full security clearances, including senior adviser to President Donald Trump Jared Kushner and — until recently — White House staffer Rob Porter, according to a US official and a source familiar with the situation.

The White House claims that the backlog of interim security clearances is a procedural consequence of the review process carried out by the FBI and White House Office of Security, which can take time to complete.

But several sources, including intelligence officials who have served previous Democratic and GOP administrations, describe the backlog as very unusual and make clear that the process should have been completed after a year in office.

Asked on Thursday why so many White House officials were still operating on interim clearances, White House spokesman Raj Shah said he wasn’t able to discuss specifics of the clearance process.

One current and one former US official said the backlog could indicate that there are remaining questions or obstacles from the intelligence community and law enforcement conducting the review.

But unanswered questions do not necessarily indicate that law enforcement has identified an issue that would prevent that individual from ultimately obtaining a clearance, according to Mark Zaid, an attorney who often represents clients in clearance cases.

According to Zaid, the fact that some executive branch officials are still on interim clearances is not surprising given that most of the individuals joining this administration have more complicated backgrounds than is typical and that would delay formal adjudication.

In prior administrations, most of the people who were brought on to fill key executive branch positions had previously been cleared for government jobs, Zaid said, adding that most of those individuals in the Trump administration have never worked in government or did so a long time ago.

The fact that many of these officials are very wealthy and worked in areas of finance with ties to foreign nationals and governments would also contribute to a delay in the clearance process, he said.

Several officials — including Kushner — have also made various paperwork errors while filling out forms required as part of the check.
In October, Charles Phalen, the director of the National Background Investigations Bureau, told lawmakers he has “never seen that level of mistakes” when asked about numerous omissions in Kushner’s security clearance application.

A spokesman for Kushner did not respond to a request for comment about Kushner’s security clearance.

A recent GAO study found that broadly throughout the government the security clearance investigation backlog was already at 190,000 cases in August 2014 and skyrocketed to more than 709,000 by September 2017.

“At the end of the day, if we are going to solve this problem, we are going to have to fix the way we issue clearances, by both getting faster and better at the process of vetting and clearing people, or ultimately denying people clearances and moving them on to other opportunities, but the current challenge cannot go unaddressed for much longer,” said Jamil N. Jaffer, the founder of the National Security Institute at George Mason University Law School and a former associate counsel to President George W. Bush.

The FBI conducts background investigations for clearances up to top secret at the request of government agencies — including the White House.
It then provides the information gathered as part of the investigation — without a formal recommendation — to the requesting agency.
That agency will then decide whether to issue a clearance based upon the information gathered.

While the FBI runs the background check for White House staff, the Office of Presidential Personnel still must sign off on the investigation to move the process forward.

But if that paperwork is delayed, then the interim clearance would stay in place.

One source told CNN that if OPP processes the paperwork that a clearance has been declined, that person can no longer access sensitive material. It also makes it extraordinarily difficult to move that individual to another agency that requires clearance, the source said.

As the CNN report indicates, perhaps the most prominent current White House employee without a full and final security clearance is the President’s Son-In-Law Jared Kushner, who has held the title of Senior Adviser to the President since the beginning of the Administration and also holds the title of Director of the Office of American Innovation, a White House Office created by the President early last years. In addition to those positions, Kushner has also been designated by the President as a point man on several issues including, most prominently, the development of a Middle East peace plan, a task normally designated to either the Secretary of State or the National Security Adviser. In Kushner’s case, the approval of a final security clearance has been delayed in no small part to the fact that his involvement in the Kushner family’s business affairs before joining the White House  Staff and the numerous errors and omissions that have complicated the process of completing the investigation.

Furthermore, the status of Kushner’s security clearance has complicated the manner in which the White House is able to deal with people whose applications have also not been approved as of yet, albeit in many cases for reasons far different from Kushner’s:

White House Counsel Donald McGahn and other Trump administration officials have been so vexed by Jared Kushner’s months-long inability to obtain a permanent security clearance that they have hesitated to get involved in other cases with potential problems, several people familiar with the matter said.

Dozens of White House employees, including Kushner, are still waiting for permanent clearancesand have been operating for months on a temporary status that allows them to handle sensitive information while the FBI probes their backgrounds, U.S. officials have said. Two U.S. officials said they do not expect Kushner to receive a permanent security clearance in the near future.

It is not uncommon for ­security-clearance investigations to drag on for months, but Kushner’s unique situation has cast a pall over the process in the minds of some, these people said.

The president’s son-in-law and close adviser has been allowed to see materials, including the President’s Daily Brief, that are among the most sensitive in government. He has been afforded that privilege even though he has only an interim clearance and is a focus in the ongoing special counsel investigation into whether the Trump campaign coordinated with Russia to influence the election.

Abbe Lowell, Kushner’s attorney, said in a statement: “I have inquired and been told that there are a dozen or more people at Mr. Kushner’s level whose process is delayed like his; that it is not uncommon for this process to take this long in a new administration (some taking as long as two years); that Mr. Kushner’s will take longer than usual because of the extent of his holdings, travels and lengthy submissions; and that there was no concern about the process or Mr. Kushner’s ability to do his job. This is just the latest in unnamed sources quoting second-hand hearsay concerning Mr. Kushner that, like the others, will be shown to be untrue.”

Those in McGahn’s office, people familiar with the matter said, feel they cannot take action on other people whose background checks have dragged on because they did not take similar steps with Kushner.

Deputy White House press secretary Hogan Gidley, though, disputed that Kushner’s situation affects any others. “This is absolutely not true,” Gidley said in a statement. “The White House treats all security clearances individually, neutrally and equally.”

McGahn and Kushner have clashed repeatedly on a number of topics, though Kushner’s lack of a clearance has been particularly irksome for the White House’s top lawyer and other administration officials in recent months, people familiar with the matter said.

Gidley said: “Don and Jared have had a great working relationship since the campaign and that has continued throughout their time at the White House. Don has no concerns with Jared’s ability to do his job.”


Why Kushner, along with dozens of others, continues to lack a clearance remains unclear. For many, there could be innocuous reasons — for instance, that they are getting checked for the first time, or their extensive business and foreign ties take time to explore.

Kushner is a key figure in special counsel Robert S. Mueller III’s investigation. Though Kushner has not been charged with any crimes, his conduct was referenced in former Trump national security adviser Michael Flynn’s guilty plea. Flynn admitted he lied to the FBI about his contacts in December 2016 with Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak and indicated that he was acting in consultation with a very senior Trump transition official.

Court papers did not name that official, but people familiar with the matter said it was Kushner. According to one transition team official, Kushner told Flynn that blocking a U.N. resolution on Israel was a top priority of the president-elect.

Kushner also has had to file several updates to his national security questionnaire — the document that serves essentially as the foundation of the security-clearance process. The questionnaire, known as an SF-86, requests voluminous information about a person’s employment history, finances, family, travel and other matters, which the FBI later checks to help determine if a person should be awarded a clearance.

As noted above, the reasons why an individual’s security clearance application has been delayed even this far into the Trump Administration could range from being innocuous to more serious. On the innocuous side of the ledger, there are those individuals who have never applied for or granted a security clearance in the past, meaning that there is no previous investigation that the relevant agencies can work off of in evaluating the current application. In that respect, it is worth noting that the Trump Administration does appear to have brought into the White House an atypically large number of people who haven’t worked for a government agency or civilian employer in a position that requires a security clearance. This means that for such people investigators essentially have to start from scratch in the background review process. Additionally, people who have had extensive business experience that involves dealing with foreign companies and/or foreign governments would have far more complicated background check processes than ordinarily expected. Finally, of course, there are the cases of people like Kushner who, whether innocently or not, have apparently made repeated errors in paperwork such as what seems to be a major factor in Kushner’s case.

Even taking all of this into account, though, the fact that the number of people still operating without a full security clearance is unusually high this long into an Administration, and that so many of them have access to the most classified information in the U.S. Government. In Porter’s case, this includes the President’s Daily Brief, the document prepared daily for the President by the nation’s intelligence agencies summarizing those pieces of information deemed to be the most relevant and important. This is among the most highly classified documents that ever makes its way to the President with the possible exception of the “eyes only” intelligence that may not be available to even people with the highest level of security clearance unless seeing the document is part of their official duties. Given his close position to the President and his portfolio, Jared Kushner may also have access to information like this notwithstanding the lack of a full clearance. The fact that persons in such a position lack full security clearances is certainly surprising, and as we saw in the Porter case potentially subject to being compromised via blackmail or other means due to information in their past. Even if there are innocent explanations for many of the reported dozens of cases where these applications have been delayed, it raises questions about just how this White House operates that deserve to be answered. Whether Congress will bother to ask any questions about it, as they well should is, of course, another matter entirely.

FILED UNDER: Intelligence, Middle East, National Security, US Politics, , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Doug Mataconis
About Doug Mataconis
Doug Mataconis held a B.A. in Political Science from Rutgers University and J.D. from George Mason University School of Law. He joined the staff of OTB in May 2010 and contributed a staggering 16,483 posts before his retirement in January 2020. He passed far too young in July 2021.


  1. Mark Ivey says:

    Fox is already spinning this.

    “Sebastian Gorka, a Fox News national security analyst and former deputy assistant to Trump, claims that federal officials had conspired to bog down security reviews.

    ‘If they want to gum up the works and make the Trump administration’s job harder and harder, they play bureaucratic slow rolls. It might be a deliberate minefield put in place where they know somebody like this has skeletons in their closet and they slow roll everything to make things like this explode a few months later,” Gorka told Jeanine Pirro.”

  2. michael reynolds says:

    Yet another example of a situation which, were it to be Obama’s White House, would have led to Republicans calling for impeachment. But since it’s Traitor Don, it’s all cool. If Trump emailed his daily intelligence briefing directly to FSB headquarters his fan boys would defend it. If he beat Melania black and blue on nationwide TV they’d defend it. If he called MLK ‘that uppity n–ger,’ they’d defend it.

    Just wait. JKB and Bunge and the new idiot, Jake, will be along to tell us that security clearances don’t matter so long as you’re Trump. And the reasons they will offer will be: “Trump, Trump, Trump,” and “It’s all Hillary’s fault.” Because nothing matters anymore but servile acceptance of Dear Leader’s every claim.

    Didja know Trump once shot 18 holes-in-one in a single round of golf? Didja know he killed a bear with nothing but a pocket knife? Didja know that Trump has memorized all of Wikipedia?

    And to think I used to berate myself for cynicism. There’s no bottom to this barrel. There is literally nothing so incompetent, treasonous or depraved that a Trumpaloon won’t defend it. We are literally, without exaggeration, at the point where Trump could rape a child on the White House steps and his toadies would cheer.

  3. teve tory says:

    Didja know Trump once shot 18 holes-in-one in a single round of golf?

    The amazing thing is he did it with only 17 swings.

  4. CSK says:

    @Mark Ivey:

    Kind of an inept spin, since Gorka just stated that Kushner does indeed have skeletons in his closet.

  5. de stijl says:

    In the spirit of bipartisanship, I have a proposal that everyone can agree on.

    Let’s have multiple and in-depth House and Senate investigations to determine why, exactly, so many valuable and essential White House employees still lack the appropriate security clearance for their role.

    I’m talking deep dive. Each and every case – let’s suss it out. Perhaps televised hearings where eager politicians can determine why each individual working in the White House currently does not have a permanent security clearance and what barriers exist that prevent them from being granted such a clearance.

  6. On the one hand, there needs to be a fair acknowledgment that sometimes it takes years to work through some of these clearances (although the number in this current administration is high).

    On the other hand, I seem to recall that the potential mishandling of classified information was a major issue raised by Republicans in the last campaign. And now?

  7. de stijl says:


    Gorka just stated that Kushner does indeed have skeletons in his closet.

    Gorka is an actual Nazi sympathizer (not an internet variety Nazi which is basically defined as anyone who disagrees with your politics, but a real-deal, documented Nazi sympathizer that used to work in the White House).

    As such, Gorka is likely to be predisposed to to, um, have deep antipathy for someone of Kushner’s, um, let’s just call it pedigree. That ethnic family history thing.

    Also, back to previous bipartisan proposal, what is the likelihood that Sebastian Gorka had a permanent security clearance? I think that should be investigated, too.

  8. And, of course, this is just a manifestation of what we knew was going to be true of a Trump administration: the appointment of persons of dubious experience to important positions in government.

  9. HarvardLaw92 says:

    @Mark Ivey:

    Which is honestly just ridiculous. These people get priority handling.

    Your average agency applicant for a TS/SCI? He/she will normally wait a minimum of four to six MONTHS after submitting the SF-86 before they receive even their initial interview with the BI. To that you can add another three to four months, minimum, for the subsequent investigation to be completed, and then normally another year (minimum) for the package to await adjudication. Two years start to finish isn’t uncommon – for normal people.

    These people hear from the FBI essentially immediately after submitting their 86’es, their investigations are handled by agents who are essentially doing nothing else BUT working on those investigations, and they enjoy dedicated in-house adjudication once the BI is completed. If they’re taking a year or more to complete under those conditions, the only viable reason is that their backgrounds tend to preclude a positive outcome. Don’t give me complicated foreign ties – Tillerson has a background with exactly that sort of foreign entanglement and complexity. His clearance was positively adjudicated months ago. The ones who are still waiting are still waiting because they’re unlikely to ever be cleared.

    Wonder when Judge Tax Fraud will get around to asking why the Trump administration seems to still have so many such people in its ranks? They arguably should been cut as unacceptable security risks loose long before now, so why does the Trump admin still allow them access to SCI material?

  10. Mikey says:


    Two years start to finish isn’t uncommon – for normal people.

    Things have gotten better. Sure, the process is still slow, but most normal people get through in 8-10 months after submission of the initial SF-86. The legwork of the investigation takes several months, but once that’s done and the individual passes the polygraph, adjudication is relatively quick (a few weeks at most).

    Of course there are outliers (some SCI can take 15-18 months), but that’s generally how it goes.

    Which, frankly, actually supports your main point. If even normal people can get through in less than a year, why the hell can’t all these Trump people?

    The ones who are still waiting are still waiting because they’re unlikely to ever be cleared.

    Indeed. If you have the sort of “omissions” in your application Kushner has, you get dumped on the floor and barred from ever being granted a clearance.

  11. HarvardLaw92 says:


    I based the assertion only on what I’ve been told directly from people who are going through it. Admittedly a small sample (four, all in counsel positions with various agencies under DOD), but they’re all squeaky clean Jim Dial types who’ve been awaiting adjudication for >8 months. The shortest one has an EOD date of January 2017. It’s possible that they’re outliers, sure, but I can’t imagine why that would be the case.

    One of them actually filed an amended return a few years ago to report $6 in interest income that he never received a 1099 for. These guys squeak when they walk, so it just seemed odd.

  12. Matt Bernius says:

    @Mark Ivey:
    After 20 years of ridiculing Hillary Clinton’s “vast right-wing conspiracy,” it’s striking how quickly populist conservatives have come to embrace the idea of a “vast deep-state conspiracy” against them.

    Yet another one of the many inversions of the Trump era.

  13. de stijl says:


    Indeed. If you have the sort of “omissions” in your application Kushner has, you get dumped on the floor and barred from ever being granted a clearance.

    Which is exactly why I proposed my scrupulously bipartisan proposal to investigate why security clearances have not been forthcoming for these benighted White House staffers. (Which is totally not a poison pill, don’t even listen to those accusations, they are vile slander.)

    I think we should do a deep dive as to why Jared Kushner’s security clearance has not yet been granted.

    Are the FBI incompetent, or just being dicks? Is it because of the Deep State counter-revolution? An in-depth investigation would provide us with many illustrative answers.

  14. michael reynolds says:

    @de stijl:
    Kushner is up to his neck in debt, just like his father-in-law. But unlike his father-in-law he timed his problems poorly and now he can’t be bailed out by Russian mob money because he’s under scrutiny. Poor Jared.

  15. grumpy realist says:

    @michael reynolds: I think they tried for Chinese money as well, which resulted in a “don’t call us, we’ll call you.”

    I think the Chinese have realized it’s much easier and cheaper to bribe Ivanka et al with trademarks. Investment actually costs something.

  16. JKB says:

    @Steven L. Taylor: I seem to recall that the potential mishandling of classified information was a major issue raised by Republicans in the last campaign.

    The miss handling of the classified information was by people with lots of government “experience” and who had long had security clearances.

    The situation here is that investigations have not been sent to the WH security office for adjudication. The interim clearances would have come with training on how to handle classified information.

  17. @JKB: You rather miss the point.

  18. de stijl says:

    @grumpy realist:

    I think the Chinese have realized it’s much easier and cheaper to bribe Ivanka et al with trademarks. Investment actually costs something.

    That was really insightful.

  19. teve tory says:

    First it was Ralph Shortey, now Timothy Nolan. Trump’s now had 2 campaign officials plead guilty to child sex crimes.

    Turns out pizzagate might have been one more example of projection…

  20. de stijl says:


    One of them actually filed an amended return a few years ago to report $6 in interest income that he never received a 1099 for.

    That’s a very conscientious person. I want her to be my tax accountant.

  21. Steve V says:

    Someone tell Sean Hannity, our nation’s self-appointed protector of classified information

  22. JohnMcC says:

    Just another small example of my complete inadequacy in the face of this administration. I bow in admiration of all you who are not speechless.

  23. Jake says:
  24. Daryl's other brother Daryll says:


  25. de stijl says:


    In what universe would I ever watch a random youtube video for which you’ve provided zero commentary or context, and posted by you, of all people?

    As a digital media influencer, you suck.