California Will Vote On Marijuana Legalization In November

Californians are set to vote on marijuana legalization in November and, this time, it looks like it will pass.

Marijuana Plant

For the second time in six years, California voters who head to the polls in November will have the opportunity to vote on an initiative to legalize marijuana for recreational use. Unlike six years ago, though, it is expected that the measure has a much better chance of passage this time around:

An initiative that would legalize the recreational use of marijuana in California officially took its place on the Nov. 8 ballot on Tuesday as its campaign took a commanding lead in fundraising to battle the measure’s opponents.

The Secretary of State’s Office certified that a random sample showed sufficient signatures among the 600,000 turned in to qualify the measure. The initiative is backed by a coalition that includes former Facebook President Sean Parker and Lt. Gov. Gavin Newsom.

“Today marks a fresh start for California as we prepare to replace the costly, harmful and ineffective system of prohibition with a safe, legal and responsible adult-use marijuana system that gets it right and completely pays for itself,” said Jason Kinney, a spokesman for California’s Adult Use of Marijuana Act.

The initiative would allow adults ages 21 and older to possess, transport and use up to an ounce of cannabis for recreational purposes and would allow individuals to grow as many as six plants.

California would join Colorado, Washington, Alaska and Oregon as states that allow recreational use of marijuana. Eight other states also have marijuana measures on their ballots this year.

More than $3.7 million has been raised so far by the leading campaign for the initiative, Californians to Control, Regulate and Tax Adult Use of Marijuana While Protecting Children. Leading contributors so far have included former Facebook president Sean Parker, legalization advocacy group Drug Policy Action and a committee funded by the firm Weedmaps, a firm that helps consumers locate pot shops.

Opposition is led by the Coalition for Responsible Drug Policies, made up of law enforcement and health groups including the California Police Chiefs Assn., the California Hospital Assn. and the California State Sheriffs’ Assn. The groups warn legalization will lead to more drugged-driving and allow dealers of harder drugs to have a role in the new industry.

The coalition has raised about $125,000 so far from groups including the Assn. of Los Angeles Deputy Sheriffs State PAC and the Los Angeles County Professional Peace Officers Assn.

A similar coalition helped defeat the last legalization measure in California, Proposition 19, in 2010.

“This campaign will be very similar to that of Proposition 19. They have the money and we have the facts,” said Tim Rosales, a spokesman for the opposition coalition.

Rosales noted that under current law, convicted methamphetamine and heroin dealers are banned from being involved in the medical marijuana industry, but the initiative overturns that ban and lets those felons obtain licenses to sell recreational marijuana.

“The proponents were specifically advised by numerous law enforcement groups during the comment period about this huge flaw, but they deliberately chose to keep it in, and you have to ask ‘Why?'” Rosales said. “Who is that provision for? They got it wrong.  Again.”

At a conference last week hosted by the National Cannabis Industry Assn. in Oakland, business people and activists were upbeat about the chances of the initiative passing, even though a similar measure in 2010 was defeated, with 53% of voters casting “no” ballots.

Advocates say the new measure has a better chance because it adds more regulation at the state level rather than letting locals dictate what happens, and comes after the state has approved a regulatory system for medical marijuana growing, transportation and sales.

As noted, California is one of at least eight states that will have marijuana initiatives on the ballot this year:

Eight states, including California, will vote to legalize weed either for recreational or medical purposes in November.

The legalization of marijuana for recreational use will be on the ballot on Nov. 8 in California, Nevada, Arizona, Massachusetts and Maine, according to Allen St. Pierre, executive director of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, or NORML. Legalization for medical use will also be on the ballot in Florida, Missouri and Arkansas on that same day.

“This is really a watershed year for marijuana legalization, so I’m hoping that we’ll see some big changes in November,” said F. Aaron Smith, co-founder and executive director of the National Cannabis Industry Association.

Smith said he’s “especially excited” about California. It’s the most populous state in the country and the sixth largest economy in the world, surpassing France.

“California really is the linchpin for hemispheral legalization,” said St. Pierre of NORML, hoping that a green light in California could trigger a snowball of legalization throughout the country.

California Secretary of State Alex Padilla confirmed on Tuesday that the legalization initiative exceeded the 402,468 signatures required to put the issue on the ballot.

This isn’t the first time that California voters have been asked to consider whether or not to fully legalize marijuana after the state legalized it for medical purposes all the way back in 1996. In 2010, a legalization initiative was on the ballot in the nation’s most populous state and was even leading in the polls before falling behind and ultimately failing to pass by the time Election Day rolled around. One of the reasons that initiative failed, though, was because was because it would have allowed individual jurisdictions in the state to opt in or out of legalization at their choice, thus creating something of a patchwork of legal uncertainty that would keep some people in a world where marijuana was still illegal while other parts of the state opted for legalization. Many members of law enforcement, as well as Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, argued against this kind of patchwork because of the difficulties it would create for law enforcement officers. This version would eliminate the idea of a different status for marijuana in different parts of the state and legalize it statewide which, in the end, is really the only thing that makes sense.

In addition to this year’s initiative being substantially different from the one that failed in 2010, there are several other factors that suggest a better outcome for the pro-legalization forces. First of all, polling this time shows much stronger support for the idea of legalizing marijuana. A recent poll in the state, for example, shows that some sixty percent of voters support legalization, and the latest national poll conducted earlier this year found that 56% of Americans supported legalization, while a Gallup poll from October put the number at 58%. Additionally, in the years since California voters rejected the last legalization initiative, four states have fully legalized cannibas while even more have decriminalized it to the point where being caught with it results in a offense equivalent to a traffic infraction or have legalized it for medical purposes. In California itself, for example, marijuana has been legal for medical use since 1996 and was officially decriminalized in 2010 around the same time the initiative was on the ballot. All of these legal moves have shown that the alleged negative impact of legalization claimed by opponents have not transpired and that the states where pot has been made legal have in fact seen significant increases in tax revenue thanks to the move. Finally, the electorate that will be coming to the polls on Election Day this year is likely to be far different from the one that went to the polls in 201o. Specifically, it is likely to consist of more younger voters and others who seem likely to be among those who would support legalization. Given that, the prospects are looking good in the Golden State and elsewhere for a big win for legalization forces.

It goes without saying that a win in California would be a big deal for the nationwide movement to legalize marijuana. The victories in states such as Colorado, Washington, Alaska, and Oregon were significant, of course, and the experience in those states has provided the pro-legalization forces with real evidence in support of their arguments, but adding the nation’s most populous state to the mix would provide real impetus to the national movement precisely because it is California. In more ways than one, California has often been a ‘trendsetter’ state in matters like this, so a win here would likely lead advocates in other states to make similar moves over the coming years and seek to legalize marijuana either via legislative action or the initiative and referendum process. Additionally, it would likely free up more politicians to come out in favor of an idea that, until recently, seemed like one that might never be politically palatable. Before long I suspect legalization will follow the path of the debate over same-sex marriage as more and more states change their laws and public opinion follows along, and while it may be awhile before marijuana is fully legal nationwide, it is clear that this is exactly where we’re headed.

FILED UNDER: Campaign 2016, US Politics, ,
Doug Mataconis
About Doug Mataconis
Doug holds a B.A. in Political Science from Rutgers University and J.D. from George Mason University School of Law. He joined the staff of OTB in May 2010. Before joining OTB, he wrote at Below The BeltwayThe Liberty Papers, and United Liberty Follow Doug on Twitter | Facebook

Comments

  1. Mu says:

    The cops must hate this – it invalidates a lot of their “justified stops” for smelling, noticing, dog barked at,leafy residue, marijuana.

  2. C. Clavin says:

    I remember in the late ’70’s sitting in our dorm getting high and pontificating about how much sense it made to legalize pot. Of course we never, ever, thought it would happen…even in crazy left wing Vermont.
    Now here we are, just short of 4 decades later, and the world is catching up to us.
    If only I could remember some of our other brilliant ideas…………..

  3. Grumpy Realist says:

    My view is any drug that consists of dried plant leaves should be legal. It’s when you purify the stuff that you generate stuff humans can’t handle.

  4. Hal_10000 says:

    At some point, however, they’re going to have to force the Fed’s hand on this. We’re going to need a federal law that will: 1) stop raids on legal dispensaries; 2) reclassify marijuana; 3) request that the President re-open our treaties on drugs; 3) stop the IRS from harassing dispensary owners by not letting the write off business expenses; 4) stop the Justice Department from using things like Operation Choke Point to harass legal drug dispensaries. Benign neglect of federal law is not enough anymore. We will now have tens of millions of people living in places were the marijuana is legal. The Feds have to catch up or we’re going to have a legal mess on our hands.

  5. michael reynolds says:

    If you’ve got $80 for a pot doctor and you live near one of the major metro hubs (SF, LA, SJ, SD) then marijuana is already legal. How legal? I no longer have to drive into the city, we now have door-to-door delivery in Marin County – and they do it within a 30 minute window, which is way better than our pizza delivery.

  6. Gustopher says:

    Nothing bad has happened in Washington state so far, except the discovery of pesticides that weren’t supposed to be used. Regulations aren’t being enforced strongly enough, but it’s a lot better than the black market where you had no idea what you were getting.

  7. Guarneri says:

    @michael reynolds:

    Well, that’s good. The shit needs to arrive before the pizza.

  8. grumpy realist says:

    @Gustopher: Ah yes, the “baggie of oregano sold as marijuana” hack…

  9. wr says:

    @michael reynolds: ” and they do it within a 30 minute window, which is way better than our pizza delivery.”

    But you want the pizza to come a little after the marijuana, anyway…

  10. wr says:

    @wr: Oops — Drew beat me to it. Probably the first time we’ve ever meant to post the same message…

  11. EddieInCA says:

    @michael reynolds:

    I’ve had my card for four years. $3 house joint lasts me a week. The $5 OG joints are one-hitters. One hit is all it takes. Those last me at least two weeks. I use it for back pain and sleep. So much better than vicodin, for damn sure. And cheaper.

  12. EddieInCA says:

    @michael reynolds:

    BTW, the Pot Doctors in the Valley, where I live, are $55.

    And there are dispensaries, literally, every third block.

  13. Just 'nutha ig'rant cracker says:

    @EddieInCA: Yeah. Vicodin never worked for me–thought I haven’t had pain management problems except for post-surgery. Less addictive, too–from what I understand, so far.

  14. michael reynolds says:

    @EddieInCA:

    BTW, the Pot Doctors in the Valley, where I live, are $55.

    San Francisco is not known for bargains. As the rather rueful joke has it, the billionaires are now gentrifying the millionaires out of the city.

    I find pot helps with my medical issue which is the dreaded NBHS – Not Being High Syndrome. The great advantage over booze being the calorie count: zero.

  15. Neil Hudelson says:

    @EddieInCA: @michael reynolds:

    Michael,

    I suffer from a similar disease. For a good three years I was living in Indiana but working throughout the western half of the continent–primarily the coasts. I always avoided the herb while i was working (even though as I’m sure you’ll attest, nothing would make four weeks on the road palatable like pot), until one trip when a rather strange donor gave me a “welcome gift.”

    I found out the hard way (I couldn’t move for five hours) what Eddie says–the OG joints are one hitters at best. That single joint lasted me all 15 days of my trip.

    It’s precious what you guys have out there on the west coast. Don’t ever take it for granted.

  16. michael reynolds says:

    @Neil Hudelson:

    I don’t get high on a single hit, I’m afraid, wish I did. But I never respond correctly to drugs – I need three times the Novocaine for dental work, for example. I found cocaine boring and didn’t realize why until a doctor pointed out that I’m ADD – ADD types think Adderall and cocaine are ‘get to work’ drugs, not party drugs. And my alcoholic friends are irritated by the fact that after 5 drinks I’m still just a very slightly nicer me. (It’s a disappointment to all of us.) It’s very much a YMMV situation. Even moderately high I’ll tend to find myself working.

    After 5 I’ll smoke half a joint of hi-test medical and then work on this novella I have to write. And I wonder why people don’t think I’m fun.

  17. JohnMcC says:

    We in the former confederacy just hate all of you!!! Lucky b@st@ards!!!

  18. Andrew says:

    Being a sufferer of chronic anxiety, on and off of different psychotropic medications through out my short lifespan (compared to some of the posters and contributors here) I look at this article with a smile on my face. And I will tell you why. Cannabis in all forms I have tried has done more for my anxiety, and related migraines, than any over the counter medication or combo of medications. Prescriptions, what have you.

    I live in PA, where up until this year I thought we might just be the last state in the union to bring legalization or medical use to the table/law book.
    The fact that this natural remedy (compared to psychotropic medications that can cause serious complications, even death) is still being debated over in the 21st century is.. is… mind boggling.

    Luckily with places like Seattle, Colorado, and California. People can see the amount of money being generated in tax revenue for funding for good. Education, Infrastructure. That will always be better for the masses than private prisons, and drug chargers that ruin even the more promising of careers.
    The people will speak. There will be a collective outcry for legalization, and junk food.

  19. Jenos Idanian says:

    It’s still against federal law, isn’t it?

    Wow, all these people who have suddenly discovered the righteousness of the 10th Amendment and how federal supremacy does have limits — when it comes to their own hedonism.

    Meanwhile, in Colorado…

  20. Pch101 says:

    I’m all in favor of decriminalization or legalization (accompanied by reasonable regulations re: purity, advertising restrictions, sales to minors, etc.). But this really should be handled at the federal, not at the state level.

  21. Guarneri says:

    @wr:

    The ties that bind….

  22. Matt says:

    @grumpy realist: More like mold, embalming fluid, etc.

    @michael reynolds: I had the same reaction to cocaine. Did it a few times and every time I would end up working on something.

    I was diagnosed as a kid in the early 90s with ADD. It still effects me heavily to this very day =/

    It’s a nightmare to focus on one thing without uppers but on the plus side I can play 3 different games at the same time.

  23. Matt says:

    @Jenos Idanian: They are testing for marijuana metabolites not inebriation. Depending on the person they could test positive for weeks after smoking one joint. So the whole premise of the article you linked is utter trash.

    Oh and buried in your article is this gem.

    A separate study — also based on FARS data — found that in states where medical marijuana was approved, traffic fatalities decrease by as much as 11 percent during the first year after legalization. Written by researchers at the University of Colorado, Oregon and Montana State University, the paper was published in 2013 in the Journal of Law & Economics.

    Whoopsie

  24. M. Bouffant says:

    @michael reynolds: Sheesh. In central L.A. it’s about $35.00 to get your Temple Recommend.